Defender's Association (Philadelphia, Pa.) Records

Collection ID: 
Acc. 181
Date: 
1935-1975
Footage: 
5 cubic feet
Collecting Area: 

 

COLLECTION OVERVIEW

The collection contains two distinct parts: the papers relating to the Defender's Association and the papers of the Philadelphia Regional Planning Council (PRPC). The Defender's Association was a group of lawyers that were concerned with defending those who could not afford proper representation. The Defender's Association papers span 1935-1974 and cover a time period where the Defender's Association changed from an independent volunteer group to one that was funded by the city. The PRPC, an organization that was in existence between 1971 and 1975, was a granting agency that was primarily concerned with community based law enforcement. The PRPC papers consist largely of grant proposals and project reports, ranging from community crime awareness projects to an application for 800 police officers for Philadelphia.

 

HISTORICAL NOTE

The Defender's Association, originally known as the Voluntary Defender's Committee, was founded in 1934, and was located at 4 South 15th Street in Philadelphia, PA. The committee was sponsored by the Pennsylvania Prison Society, and consisted of lawyers concerned with providing politically independent representation to impoverished clients. The goal of the Association was to provide free representation for clients in order to ensure a fair trial. The Association was conceived as a voluntary effort and was dependent upon lawyers donating their time, funds from the Philadelphia Community Chest, and outside donations.

In 1959 the committee changed its name to the Defender's Association. Also in 1959, it became apparent that the community chest could no longer support the activities of the Association, and the city of Philadelphia donated $10,000 to help the Association meet its budget. The city intervened again in 1969, when then Mayor Tate devised a plan to fund the Association, which would be controlled by a board of thirty. Tate's plan also called for the resignation of then Chief Defender Martin Vinikoor, and the installment of Vincent Ziccardi as acting Chief. Mayor Tate's plan drew criticism from several lawyers, including then District Attorney Arlen Specter and University of Pennsylvania law professor, Louis B. Schwartz, who later resigned from the Association. Critics maintained that the Association needed to be independent when defending their clients, and receiving funds from the city put that independence at risk. Despite these criticisms, the plan was accepted by the Association, and eventually became the Public Defender's Office.


The Philadelphia Regional Planning Council (PRPC) was created in 1971, and was an outgrowth of the Governor of Pennsylvania's Justice Commission. The goal of the PRPC was to administer state and federal law enforcement grants. The PRPC consisted of many prominent Philadelphia lawyers, including Arlen Specter. Generally speaking, PRPC funded projects that were grass roots in nature, and concerned more with crime prevention, and less with law enforcement. As federal money for crime prevention projects tapered off, the Committee decreased in importance and disbanded in 1975.
 

ORGANIZATION AND ARRANGEMENT

The Defender's Association collection contains papers from two distinct organizations, which have been divided into two series: Series A for the Defender's Association (proper), and Series B for its "spin-off," the Philadelphia Regional Planning Council (PRPC).

Series A: The Defender's Association

  • Subseries I: Administration (46 folders)
  • Subseries II: Financial (10 folders)
  • Subseries III: Correspondence (8 folders)
  • Subseries IV: Publications (3 folders)
  • Subseries V: Projects (19 folders)
  • Subseries VI: Branch Offices (26 folders)
  • Subseries VII: Other Organizations (36 folders)
  • Subseries VIII: Subjects (5 folders)
  • Subseries IX: Case Records (3 folders)

 

Series B: The Philadelphia Regional Planning Council (PRPC)

  • Subseries I: Administration (9 folders)
  • Subseries II: Financial (5 folders)
  • Subseries III: Correspondence (11 folders)
  • Subseries IV: Publications (3 folders)
  • Subseries V: Grant Projects (115 folders)

 

Series A: The Defender's Association (1935 - 1973)

Subseries I: Administration
The Administrative subseries is made up of seven sub-subseries: a) minutes, b) reports, c) history, d) personnel, e) incorporation & by-laws, f) memo's & policy, and g) correspondence. A substantial section in this subseries includes annual and quarterly reports, dating from 1935 -1973.

Subseries II: Financial
The Financial subseries includes four sub-subseries: a) budget, b) auditor's reports, c) payroll, and d) grants.

Subseries III: Correspondence
The Correspondence subseries is composed of two sub-subseries: a) individuals, and b) general. Significant individuals in sub-subseries "a" include former Chief Defenders, such as Herman I. Pollack, Martin Vinikoor, and Vincent Ziccardi.

Subseries IV: Publications
This subseries is composed of items published by the Defender's Organization. There are two sub-subseries: a) manuscripts, and b) newsletters.

Subseries V: Projects
The Project subseries is made up of two sub-subseries: a) begun by organization, and b) participation in. Significant projects include the Criminal Justice Agencies Committee/Combined Justice Information Network (CJAC/COJINT) Total Information System, and the Law Student and Graduate Clerkship program with the University of Pennsylvania.

Subseries VI: Branch Offices
This subseries is made up of Branch Offices, which have been alphabetized according to branch name, and arranged chronologically within each branch. Significant branches of the Defender's Association include Community Legal Services, Family Court Branch, and Juvenile Court.

Subseries VII: Other Organizations
The Other Organizations subseries is also arranged alphabetically according to organization name, and chronologically within each organization. If there are multiple folders within a particular year, they are arranged alphabetically according to folder title within that year. Several significant organizations were involved with the Defender's Association, including the American Civil Liberties Union, the Health and Welfare Council, the National Legal Aid & Defender Association (NLADA), the Philadelphia Bar Association, and various prisoner advocacy groups.

Subseries VIII: Subjects
The Subject subseries is alphabetized according to title. Subjects include such topics as "Drugs," "Legislation," "Police Line-up," and "Social Work."

Subseries IX: Case Records
The Case Records subseries includes random case records that were discovered during the processing of the collection. These have been classified as "Restricted."


Series B: The Philadelphia Regional Planning Council (PRPC) (1971-1975)

Subseries I: Administration
The Administrative subseries includes five sub-subseries: a) minutes & agendas, b) mission statement, c) incorporation & bylaws, d) policies & procedures, and e) personnel.

Subseries II: Financial
The Financial subseries is composed of three sub-subseries: a) fund raising, b) budgets, and c) auditor's reports. A "Comprehensive Plan" illuminates funding details for the Committee's many grant projects.

Subseries III: Correspondence
The Correspondence subseries is made up of two sub-subseries: a) individuals, and b) general. Featured in the "individual" sub-subseries are Thomas Berard; Paul Chalfin; Drexel Godfrey, Jr.; John Snavely; and Vincent Ziccardi. The "general" sub-subseries includes correspondence from the Governor's Justice Commission, which helped to support the PRPC's many projects.

Subseries IV: Publications
This subseries features two sub-subseries: a) publications of the creating organization, and b) about the creating organization.

Subseries V: Grant Projects
The Grant Projects subseries was arranged separately from the Financial subseries, to accurately reflect the grant-making mission of the PRPC. This subseries is alphabetized according to project title, and provides a rich overview of urban community projects initiated in Philadelphia in the early seventies. Topics include rehabilitation programs for released convicts, prison reform, crime prevention, police sensitivity training, technological improvements in the court system (such as closed circuit televisions in court rooms), vocational training, treatment programs, youth development programs, and community center improvements.
 

ACQUISITION INFORMATION

The Defender's Association papers were donated to the Urban Archives by Vincent J. Ziccardi, who was a prominent lawyer in Philadelphia.

 

INVENTORY
 

DEFENDER ASSOCIATION OF PHILADELPHIA

I. (A) ADMINISTRATION

Box 1

1. Board of Directors Minutes, Annual Meeting 1967
2. 1968
3. ... and Notices 1968
4. 1969-1970
5. 1971
6. 1972
7. 1973
8. 1974
9. ... /Notices, Executive 1967-1968
Committee 10. Board of Directors Minutes - Executive Committee 1969-1970
11. Annual Reports 1935-1939
12. 1940-1944
13. 1945-1949
14. 1950-1954
15. 1955-1965
16. 1967-1973
17. Annual Report Committee 1968
18. Court Administration, RESTRICTED 1971
19. Monthly and Quarterly Reports 1966
20. 1965-1966
21. 1967-1968
22. 1968
23. Proposals for Future Service Organization 1966-1968
24. Quarterly Reports 1969
25. 1970
26. 1971
27. 1972-1973
28.Statistics 1968
29. Public Defender Act, City Council "
30. " " " , " " "
31. Court Stenographer, Issues "
32. Membership Meettings - Minutes 1968-1973
33. Nominating Committee 1968
34. Personnel - General "
35. " , RESTRICTED "
36. Resumes, RESTRICTED
37. " , " 1968
38. Staffing Needs 1971-1972
39. Volunteer of the Month 1967-1968
40. Articles of Incorporation By-Laws 1969-1973
41. Legal, Meetings and Memos 1968
42. Legal Memos 1972-1973
43. Office Memos 1968
44. Policy Manual 1973

Box 2

1. Court Administration, RESTRICTED 1968-1969
2. 1971

II. (A) FINANCIAL

3. Budget Committee 1966-1968
4.1968
5. Budgets 1971-1973
6. Audit/Time Sutdy 1968
7. Payroll, RESTRICTED "
8. Applications for Subgrants 1972
9. Grant Proposal for Upgrading Defender Association 1973-1974 Appellate and Post Conviction Service
10. Model Cities Program Grant 1971
11. Treatment Alternatives and Street Crimes - Grant 1972 Application
12. Treatment Alternatives to Street Crimes Grant 1973

III. (A) CORRESPONDENCE

13. Joseph Hickey (City Finance Department) 1973
14. Pollock, Herman I, (Regarding Nominations for Philadelphia 1967-1968 Award)
15. Vinikoor, Martin (Acting Defender) 1968
16. Ziccard, Vincent J. 1966-1968
17. RESTRICTED
1968
18. General Correspondence "
19. " " "
20. " " 1972
21. Pollock, Herman I, "The Development of The Writ of Habeas 1965 Corpus in Pennsylvania"

IV. (A) PUBLICATIONS

22. Public Defender Association of Pennsylvania: Defender 1973 Newsletter
23. Public Defender " " " : " 1974 Newsletter
24. Ad Hoc Committee of Philadelphia Justice Agency Committee 1973

V. (A) PROJECTS

25. Ad Hoc Criminal Backlog Committee 1968
26. Offender Rehabilitation Projects - Report of the Social 1969 Science Department
27. Precinct Counsel Project 1968
28. Pre-Trial Preparation Program 1972
29. Bail Project 1968
30. Bench Warrant Unit 1972
31. Citizen Committee on Philadelphia Justice Survey 1970
32. Community Orientation Institute 1968
33. CJAC/COJINT:
Total Information System Phase I Report 1972
34. Reports 1972-1973
35. Miscellaneous 1972-1973
36. 1973-1974

Box 3

1. Law Clinic - Graterford First Progress Report 1973
2. " " - " "
3. Law School Program - University of Pennsylvania 1967
4. 1968
5. " " " - " " " "
6. Law Students and Graduate Clerkship Volunteer & University 1968 of Pennsylvania Program
7. Philadelphia City Council 1973
8. Youth Service Commission of Philadelphia 1974

VI. (A) BRANCH OFFICES

9. Community Legal Services Personnel - Correspondence, 1966 Application
10. Community Legal Services
Board Meetings, Minutes & Notes 1966 -1967
11. Budget " - "
12. Correspondence, Reports, etc. " - "
13. Office Supplies, Administration " - "
14. Payroll Confirmation, RESTRICTED " - "
15. Statistics " - "
16. Personnel: Criteria 1967
17. Board Meeting, Minutes, Notes 1968
18. Budget "
19. Correspondence "
20. Parking Matters "
21. Payroll "
22. Confirmation "
23. Statistics "
24. Administrative 1970-1971
25. Board of Trustees, Minutes of 1972-1973 Meetings
26. Community Legal Services, " " " - " " 1973-1974 Meetings
27. Family Court Branch - Brief on Behalf of Plaintiffs on Camp Not Dated Hill (1971-1972?)
28. Family Court Branch - Staff Attorney's Manual 1972
29. " " Division, Miscellaneous "
30. Juvenile Court 1966-1967
31. Family Court Division, Weekly Case Distribution 1972-1973
32. Juvenile Court 1966-1968
33.1967-1968
34.1971-1972

VII. (A) OTHER ORGANIZATIONS

Box 4

1. American Civil Liberty Union, Correspondence 1971
2. " " " " , Police Practices & Criminal 1972-1973 Justice Committee, Correspondence
3. American Civil Liberty Union, Correspondence 1973-1974
4. Community Involvement Council, University of Pennsylvania, 1968 Correspondence
5. Community Legal Counsel, Newsletter - "Reports" "
6. " Services of Pennsylvania, Correspondence, " Newsletter
7. County Court, Domestic Relations Lists "
8. District Attorney's Office - Correspondence, RESTRICTED "
9. " Court - Correspondence, Trial Lists, RESTRICTED "
10. Ecumenical Half-Way House of Greater Philadelphia - 1971 Notices, Reports
11. Fellowship Commission, Membership Lists/Recommendations 1971-1972
12. Grand Jury Presentments, Report 1968
13. Health & Welfare Council, Correspondence "
14. " & " " , Corrections Group "
15. Inmates Action Council, Correspondence 1972
16. Legal Aid Bureau, Correspondence 1967-1968
17. National Legal Aid and Defenders Association (NLADA) - 1965-1968 Correspondence
18. National Legal Aid " " " " - 1968 Budget Committee
19. National Legal Aid " " " " - " Correspondence
20. National Legal Aid " " " " - " "Defender Newsletter"
21. National Legal Aid and Defense Association " - " Memoranda
22. National Legal Aid and Defenders Association (NLADA) - 1968-1969 Correspondence Information
23. Pennsylvania Prison Society, Correspondence 1968
24. " " " , " 1972-1973
25. Philadelphia Anti-Poverty Action Commission - 1968 Correspondence
26. Philadelphia Law & Justice Institute, Minutes, 1972 -1973 Correspondence
27. Philadelphia Bar Association, Police Seminars 1968
28. Minutes, Reports 1970-1972
29. Correspondence 1972
30. 1973
31. Criminal Law Committee "
32. Civil Rights Committee 1973-1974
33. Reader Development Program (Free Library of Philadelphia), 1968 Newsletter - "Pivot"
34. San Francisco Public Defender, Annual Report "
35. Social Services Correspondence 1972-1973
36. United Fund, Correspondence 1968

VIII. (A) SUBJECTS

37. Drugs 1968
38. Legislation, Bills, Bulletins & Acts 1967-1968
39. Magistrate M. Phillip, Freed 1966-1968
40. Police, Line-up 1967-1968
41. Social Work 1971

IX. (A) CASE RECORDS

42. Case Record, Summary 1968
43. Cell Room, Litigation, RESTRICTED 1971
44. Case Reords, RESTRICTED 1967

PHILADELPHIA REGIONAL PLANNING COUNCIL

I. (B) ADMINISTRATION


45. Council Minutes & Agendas 1972
46. 1973
47. 1974
48. Executive Committee 1972-1974
49. Mission Statement 1973 50. Bylaws "
51. Funding Policy Guidelines "
52. Flowchart of Application, Process "
53. Resumes, RESTRICTED 1974

II. (B) FINANCIAL

54. Comprehensive Plan 1972-1973
55. 1973-1974
56. Budget 1972
57. Corrections Committee - Part E, Funding for the 1974 State 1973-1974 Comprehensive Plan
58. Audit, Bookkeeping Records 1973

III. (B) CORRESPONDENCE

59. Berard, Thomas C. 1973
60. Chalfin, Paul M. 1972
61. Godfrey, E. Drexel Jr. "
62. Snavely, John T. "
63. Ziccard, Vincent 1973
64. Berger, Warren E. "Our Options Are Limited" 1972
65. "Compliance with Civil Rights Laws" "
66. Comprehensive Plan 1973
67. Courts Committee - Correspondence 1971-1974
68. Governor's Justice Commission, Grant Review Process 1973
69. 1972-1974

IV. (B) PUBLICATIONS

70. "Impact" 1972
71. " 1973
72. Pennsylvania Human Relatinos Commission (Not Dated)

Box 5

V. (B) GRANT PROJECT

1. Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition Program 1977- 1973
2. Ad Hoc Committee for Logan 1974-1975
3. Adolescent Group Homes " - "
4. Adult Probation Department - PHILCOURT, Pretrial Division 1972-1974 Program
5. Adult Probation " - Addition to Supervision 1973-1974
6. " " " - Caseload Management Program " - "
7. Arbitration as an Alternative 1973
8. Bench - Bar Conference 1972
9. Canteen Behavorial Incentives 1973
10. Behavorial Science Training Project 1972
11. Central Medical Intake Unit "
12. Closed Circuit Television Communications System - Phase III "
13. COJINT (Coordinated Justice Information Network over 1973 Terminals)
14. Common Pleas and Municipal Court Witness Notification by 1972 Mail
15. Community Related Institutional Probation 1973
16. Consumer Education Program "
17. Correctional Group Counseling 197(3)
18. " Studies Training Program "
19. Counseling and Referral Assistance Project 1973
20. " : Referral Services 1972
21. " or Referral Assitance 1973
22. Court Executive Development Program 1974
23. " " " " , Phase III 1973
24. " Reporting Program 197(3)
25. " and Police Committees/Task Force 1973
26. Task Force - Miscellaneous 1972
27. Crime Analysis Team "
28. " Reduction Program for West Philadelphia 1973
29. Defender Interns 1974
30. Detention Court Mental Health Program 1973
31. " Improvement 197(2)
32. Director of Volunteer Services - Philadelphia Prisons 1972
33. Drug Identification and Referral Project 197(3)
34. Court Executive Development Program 1973
35. Drug Information & Evaluation Center "
36. " Screening Equipment 197(3)
37. Evaluation and Research Unit 1972
38. Expansion of Court Records, Micro Filming 1973
39. Graphic Analysis of Crime and Police Operations in 1972 Philadelphia
40. Harrowgate Boxing Club "
41. Helping Everywhere at All Levels (H.E.A.L.) 1973-1974
42. High Intensity Unit " - "
43. " Speed Information and Retrival System 197(3)
44. Human Relations Training for Police "
45. Inmate Rehabilitation Program 1972
46. Intensive Area Youth Work Program 1972-1974
47. " Block Program 1972
48. Investigation and Warrant Service Unit 1972-1973
49.
50. Judges Aides Guarantee Ultimate Active Rehabilitation 1973 (JAGUAR)
51. Rudiciary Drug Abuse Education Program 1972
52. Juvenile Aid Division Expansion 197(3)
53. Law Student Interns in The Prosecutor's Office 1972-197(3)
54. Grant Fiscal Unit 1974
55. Ludlow Community Association of Philadelphia 1973
56. Management Planning Unit 1974
57. Mayor's Criminal Justice Improvement Team 1973
58. " Youth Services Commission 1972
59. Methodical External Program, Inc. 1973
60. Minority Group Cultural Training 1972
61. Model Classification and Records Project "
62. Movies-in-the-Street Program 1973
63. Narcotics Training for Policemen 1972
64. Neighborhood Anti-Burglary Project 1973-1974
65. " Safety Training Program " - "
66. Northwest Crime Preservation Program 1973
67. North Central/Northwest Philadelphia Strike Force 1972-1973
68. Operation Peaceful Neighborhood 1973-1974
69. Organizational Development Program 1974
70. Our Neighbors Civic Association 1973
71. Philadelphia Coordinating Office of Drug and Alcohol Abuse " Program
72. Philadelphia County Prisons Addictive Disease Treatment " Program
73. Philadelphia Justice Information System 1974
74. " Prison Detoxification Program 1973
75. Police Transit Crime Reduction Program "
76. Post-Release Addictive Treatment "
77. Post-Secondary Education at The Philadelphia Prisons "
78. Pre-Hearing Intensive Supervision Unit 1974
79. Prison's Dry Cleaning Program 1972-1973
80. Probation Department - Community Resource Unit 1973
81. - Drug Treatment Unit 1972
82. - Graduate School Training Project 1973
83. - In-Service Training Program 1973-1974
84. - Innovative Service Training Unit 1972
85. - Intake & classification Unit 1973
86. - North Philadelphia Community Office "
87. - Vocational Counseling and Employment 1972 Referral Service
88. Probation Department - Research & Program Development Unit 1973
89. Program Planning & Evaluation Unit "
90. Prosecutor Training Program 1972
91. Public Information Unit 1973
92. Regional Planning and Plan Implementation 1974
93. Release on Recognizance Project 1972
94. Residential Community Center 1973
95. Research & Planning Unit Family Court 1974
96. Safe Street, Inc. 1972-1973
97. Satellite Project of Pennsylvania Program for Women and 1972 Girl Offenders
98. Search Warrant and Arrest Review Program 1972
99. Services for Women 1973
100. Spanish Speaking Court Officers "
101. Special Impact Crime Reduction Demonstration Project 1972
102. Teen-Aid, Inc. "
103. Teen Council "
104. 10% Cash Bail Program "
105. Tioga Specialized Learning Center "
106. Turn in a Pusher (TIP) Program 1972
107. Treatment Alternative to Street Crime (TASC) Project "
108. Violation of Probation Hearings 1973
109. Volunteer Services (Family Court) "
110. Voyage Half-Way House 1974
111. Warrant Control Unit Expansion Project 1972
112. Wynnefield Residents Association 1973
113. Youth Association Fund "
114. " Development Program "
115. " in Conflict (Safe Streets) "
116. " Services Commission Bill #824 "