Junto (Philadelphia, Pa.) Records

Collection ID: 
Acc. 433, PC-6
Date: 
1935-1977
Footage: 
7 boxes
Collecting Area: 

Subjects:

 

Historical Note


In 1727, Benjamin Franklin convinced 12 of his friends to form a club dedicated to mutual improvement. Meeting one night a week, these young men discussed the topics of the day. The group lasted for 40 years and eventually became the nucleus of the American Philosophical Society. The term "junto" sank into obscurity for almost 150 years.

In 1941, a group of civic-minded individuals met at the Academy of Music and formed an organization dedicated to the concept of continuing adult education. This was the result of several months of meetings that included the Adult Education Council and the Museum Council of Philadelphia. These two parenting organizations formed committees to study the possibility of city wide adult education programs. Since the late 1930's, adult education groups had been starting up all over the country, and by 1941, at least ten such organizations had formed in the surrounding suburbs. Adopting Franklin's theme of "informal education," the group also adopted the name of his original organization, "The Junto". Conceived as a non-profit civic endeavor, the group styled itself as a "fun while learning" organization and social activities were always part of the schedule in the early years.

Unlike the original Junto and its successor, the American Philosophical Society, membership was not to be restricted. No pre-entrance exams, awards or diplomas were to be used. Fees were to be kept to a minimum, enough to cover expenses. The original curriculum covered 38 subjects and utilized locations in various parts of the city. Average cost was about 20 cents a lecture in 1941 and over 5,000 people signed up for the first series of classes, with at least 1,000 more turned away.

During the war years the Junto continued to expand and to provide inexpensive education to many adults in the Philadelphia area. In 1951 the Junto entered into a major controversy when it entered into a complicated business deal with Bill Levitt (builder of Levittown) in which the Junto emerged not only as the landlord to some 4,000 families, but with at least $1,000,000 profit (on paper). The non-profit status of the organization was seriously jeopardized. Incorporation of the group was also done in this year.

The decades of the 1950's and 60's saw the Junto continuing to sponsor adult education courses and enter into alliances with other organizations with similar goals, notably the Adult Education Council and Harcum Junior College. By the late 1960's, however, many different groups were sponsoring various forms of adult education and the Junto lost much of its original mission. By 1969, the organization was calling itself the Junto Center for Adult Education. It moved from its location at 16 south 10th Street to 16th and Market. It shared its accommodations with the Center for Adult Education.

By the mid 70's, the Junto was no longer actively organizing adult classes, but instead granted monies to organizations that were. In 1975, the Junto decided to regroup, and voted to transfer its remaining funds to Harcum Junior College, which shared the same goals as the Junto. Although the group continued to meet, without funds or large numbers of people, the Junto became an "advisory group."



Organization and Arrangement
 

This collection is organized in eight series:

SERIES I: ADMINISTRATIVE. Series contains bound and unbound Board Minutes form 1950 - 1977; some individual files duplicate the Minutes files, but hold other items of interest. Found here are meeting agenda lists (1956-62); special reports and Board reports (1962-68); copies of official papers, such as Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws (1941, 1947 and 1951); files concerning registration and attendance; miscellaneous correspondence and a manual for office procedures. Files concerning the history of the organization and its activities, dating from 1941 - 1975, include items concerning its genesis and its reorganization, c. 1976.

SERIES II: FINANCIAL. Series consists of financial records spanning 1943 to 1975. Present are fundraising records, including material pertaining to Junto's friends group, "Friends of Franklin"; invoices and bills for legal services and rent; auditors' reports; account ledgers and financial statements (1959-1973); bank statements and deposit slips; records concerning Junto's tax-exempt status; information on grants given to and received by Junto; and deeds and mortgages from Junto's property on 12th and Walnut Streets.

SERIES III: CORRESPONDENCE. Series contains correspondence with Urban Archives of Temples University (1971), and general correspondence (1945-59, 1967). Correspondence on specific subjects is also found throughout the collection.

SERIES IV: PUBLICATIONS OF AND ABOUT ORGANIZATION. Series contains printed materials originated by Junto, including (mostly) pamphlets and brochure-type course listings. Also found here are several non-Junto originated reprints and brochures, and some newspapers, and newspaper clippings.

SERIES V: PROJECTS.  Series contains materials on actual and proposed projects that Junto either initiated or participated in. Also found here are project plans and descriptions, correspondence, minutes and pamphlets.

SERIES VI: OTHER ORGANIZATIONS. Series consists of 7 files pertaining to other organizations with which Junto interacted, including Harcum Junior College and the Adult Education Council. Date range: 1953-1975.

SERIES VII: SCRAPBOOKS. Series consists of some photographs and 5 files of personal scrapbooks (compiler unknown) with date range 1941-1977.

SERIES VIII: MEMORABILIA. Single item: Philip Klein signature block.

SERIES IX: PH
OTOGRAPHS (PC-6). Mostly unidentified and undated photographs illustrating the activities of the Junto, from circa 1935-1971.  Images generally depict course-related activities in such areas as acting for radio, art, cooking,etc. Photographers include Fabian Bachrach, Bornmann Photo, Classic Studio, Jules Schick, and Schonbrunn.

 

INVENTORY

SERIES I. ADMINISTRATION. A. MINUTES

BOX 1

1. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 1, 1951 - 53
2. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 2, 1951, 1953 - 54
3. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 3, 1954 - 56
4. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 4, 1956 - 58
5. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 5, 1958 - 1961
6. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 6, 1961 - 65
7. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 7, 1965 - 68
8. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 8, 1968 - 69
9. Minutes of Junto Schools, Inc., Vol. 9, 1968 - 77

BOX 2

10. Minutes, June 1950 - April 1952
11. Minutes and Correspondence (Philip Klein), 1950-56
12. Minutes, January - February, 1951
13. Minutes, June 1952 - May 1953
14. Minutes, June 1953 - May 1954
15. Minutes, June 1954 - May 1956
16. Minutes, Annual Meeting, 1955
17. Minutes, Board Meeting, Misc., 1956-59
18. Minutes, Board Meeting, Misc., 1960-61
19. Minutes, April 27 - May 18, 1961
20. Minutes, Misc. Reports, 1961-63
21. Minutes, Misc. Reports, 1951, 1963-65
22. Minutes, November 1963 - April 1967
23. Minutes, Annual Meetings, 1964-67
24. Minutes, 1966 - 1970
25. Minutes, Annual Meeting, 1967
26. Harcum Junior College, 1975-76 and Minutes and Misc. Reports, 1967-1974
27. Minutes, Special Board Meeting, June 1968
28. Minutes, Annual Meeting, 1968
29. Minutes, August 1, 1968 - October 9, 1970
30. Minutes, October, 1968
31. Misc. Minutes and Notes, 1968 - 1973
32. Minutes, Annual and Board Meetings, Misc., 1974-76

B. AGENDA

33. Agenda, 1956-1962

C. REPORTS

34. Adult-Basic Education, 1971-73
35. Founding of the Junto, 1941
36. Space: Re Junto School
37. Committee on Bonaparte House, 1950
38. Faculty Organization
39. Establishing a Home for Junto
40. Yale University Plan, 1944
41. U.S. Steel - Financial Report, 1950
42. Work Kit
43. Some Proposals for New Directions for the Junto, 1968
44. Report (Board), 1962-63
45. Report (Board), 1963-64
46. Report (Board), 1964
47. Report (Board), 1964-65
48. Report (Board), 1965-66
49. Report (Board), 1967-68
50. Report (Board), 1967-68

D. HISTORY

51. Junto History, 1944
52. Junto History and Misc., 1944-46
53. Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, 1941, 1947, 1951
54. Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, 1941, 1947, 1950, 1951; Funds to Harcum
55. Introductory Essay, 1950
56. Publicity, Newspapers, 1954-56
57. Junto vs. Cosmetology Assn., 1958-59
58. Blueprint for Progress, 1959
59. Conferences, 1960-68
60. Some Proposals for New Directions for the Junto, 1968
61. Closing Notice, 1968
62. Misc., 1968-69
63 Agendas, Meetings, Luncheons, 1968; Adult Basic Education, 1972; Inventory, 1973
64. Legal Papers for Incorporation, Misc., 1968-1972
65. Misc. Correspondence, 1968-1975
66. Misc. Correspondence, 1968-1975
67. PA Department of Education License: 1971-72
68. Notes on Adele Margolis, 1972
69. Mechanics of Office Procedures

E. REGISTRATION and ATTENDANCE

70. Registration Analysis, 1941-1967
71. Registration Analysis, 1953-56
72. Publicity, Analysis of Registration, 1954-56
73. Client Questionnaire, Guidance Cards
74. Forms
75. Teaching Application Form
76. Class Roll and Attendance
77. Attendance Records Forms

F. BUILDING

78. Building Security, 1977
79. Physical Plant/Building, 1951-58
80. Correspondence Re: Building, 1960-64
81. Building Layout, 1961

BOX 3

SERIES II. FINANCIAL

A. FUNDRAISING

82. Corporate Fundraising, May - June, 1961
83. Friends of Franklin, March - November, 1961
84. Friends of Franklin, May - August, 1961
85. Long-range Financial Planning, April 1961 - July 1963
86. Letter, March 10, 1969

B. INVOICES, BILLS, PAYMENTS

87. U.S. Post Office, 1943-49
88. U.S. Post Office, 1950-59
89. U.S. Post Office, 1960-62
90. Bills for Legal Services, 1965-1973
91. Bills for Rent, 1968-1973

C. AUDITORS' REPORTS

92. 1958 and 1960
93. 1961 and 1963
94. 1966 and 1968

D. ACCOUNT LEDGERS

95. Ledger sheets, 1959 Dec. - 1960 May
96. Ledger sheets, 1960 June - 1961 May
97. Ledger sheets, 1961 June - 1962 May
98. Ledger sheets, 1962 June - 1963 May
99. Ledger sheets, 1967 June - 1968 May
100. Account Ledger, 1968-69
101. Account Ledger, 1969-70
102. Account Ledger, 1970-71
103. Account Ledger, 1971-72
104. Account Ledger, 1972-73
105. Monthly Ledger, 1968 June - 1969 May
106. Monthly Ledger, 1969 June - 1970 May
107. Monthly Ledger, 1970 June - 1971 May
108. Monthly Ledger, 1971 June - 1972 May
109. Monthly Ledger, 1972 June - 1973 May
110. Petty cash journal, 1965-1973

E. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

111. 1959 Oct. - 1962 Dec.
112. 1968 June - 1969 May
113. 1969 June - 1970 May
114. 1970 June - 1971 May
115. 1971 June - 1972 May
116. 1972 June - 1973 May
117. Forms, n.d.

F. BANK STATEMENTS AND DEPOSIT SLIPS

118. Bank statements, 1968-69
119. Deposit slips, 1968
120. Deposit slips, 1968-69
121. Deposit slips, 1969-70
122. Deposit slips, 1972-73

G. TAXES

123. Taxes, general, April - May, 1946
124. Tax exemptions, July - Aug., 1947
125. Tax exemptions, March 1951 - July 1971
126. Federal tax exemption, Dec. 1955 - June 1966
127. PA tax exemption, May 1959 - April 1971
128. Taxes, typewriters, Feb. 1960 - Feb. 1961

H. GRANTS

129. Grants to Junto, 1959 - 1968
130. Grants offered by Junto, 1974-75
131. Grant guidelines, n.d.

I. DEEDS AND MORTGAGES

132. Deeds and mortgages, 1951 - 1963
133. Mortgage information, 1951 - 1961
134. Mortgage information, 1968 - 1974
135. Insurance analysis, n.d.

SERIES III. CORRESPONDENCE

136. Correspondence with Urban Archives at Temple University, 1971
137. General Correspondence, 1945-59, 1967

SERIES IV. PUBLICATIONS OF AND ABOUT CREATING ORGANIZATION

138. Junto 10th anniversary program, course listing
139. Printed promotional brochures, pamphlets
140. Newsletters 1973, 1974
141. Brochures, pamphlets; reprint: Anderson, Claude The Juntos of America, 1935
142. Brochures, pamphlets, correspondence, newspapers, class time/location chart
143. Proofs
144. Pamphlets, Harcum 1954
145. Brochures, pamphlets re Harcum Residential Weekend
146. Newsletters, 1969-1973; correspondence
147. Promotional pamphlets, brochures
148. Non-Junto publications (about Junto): PA Older Worker; Wilson Library Bulletin
149. Non-Junto promotional pamphlets, brochures re adult education
150. Promotional pamphlets, brochures, with hand-written edits
151. Printed cards re registration
152. Printed cards re lecturers
153. Promotional pamphlets, brochures with dated labels, newspapers
154. Miscellaneous lists
155. Non-Junto publications: journals by Herbert Blum, 1965-66; reprints re Blum
156. Spring 1964 forms

SERIES V. PROJECTS

157. Registration Records: 1953-55, 1962-68
158. Teacher Roster
159. 10th Anniversary Committee, 1951
160. 10th Anniversary Committee
161. 15th Anniversary Committee
162. Junto Business Institute
163. Junto Contemporary Club Election Ballots, 1958-59
164. Junto Contemporary Club Correspondence, 1954-1966
165. Culture Forum Correspondence, 1974
166. Forums - Suggested Topics for Forums
167. Junto City College - Proposals for New Building
168. Folk School - Proposal
169. Junior College Correspondence, 1958-1961
170. Kennedy House - Course Descriptions
171. Nursing Courses - Course Descriptions
172. Personality Workshop - Course Descriptions
173. Prison Reform - Correspondence and Planning, 1974
174. Worker Retraining Program - Correspondence, 1962-63

Junto Schools Division (JSD)

175. (JSD) Philip Klein Correspondence, 1950-53
176. (JSD) Philip Klein Correspondence, 1952-53
177. (JSD) Philip Klein Correspondence, 1954
178. (JSD) Philip Klein Correspondence, 1955
179. (JSD) Philip Klein Correspondence, 1956
180. (JSD) Philip Klein Curricula, 1949-54
181. (JSD) Philip Klein Curricula, 1954-56
182. (JSD) Philip Klein Meeting Minutes
183. Southeastern Regional Committee Comprehensive Statewide Plan for Vocational Rehabilitation in PA, 1968

Teacher Training Projects (TTP)

184. (TTP) Applications
185. (TTP) Budget
186. (TTP) Description of Program
187. (TTP) Description of Demonstration Project
188. (TTP) Correspondence, 1968-69

Teacher Training Projects and Experimental Demonstration Projects (TTP/EDP)

189. (TTP/EDP) Guidelines for Proposal
190. (TTP/EDP) Federal Grant Application
191. (TTP/EDP) Description of Teacher Training Program
192. (TTP/EDP) Federal Participant Information Form
193. (TTP/EDP) Board Correspondence, 1968-69
194. (TTP/EDP) General Correspondence, 1968-1969
195. (TTP/EDP) Federal Grant Applications
196. (TTP/EDP) Proposal and Correspondence, 1969
197. (TTP/EDP) Proposals and Grant Information
198. (TTP/EDP) Budget
199. Traveling Teachers - Descriptions and Correspondence
200. Ladies Garment Union Programs - Self Defense; Dressmaking

Adult Education Council (AEC)

201. (AEC) Minutes, 1941; Bibliography of 1944 Workshop
202. (AEC) Proposal
203. (AEC) Address Lists, 1970-73
204. (AEC) By-Laws
205. (AEC) Minutes, 1968
206. (AEC) Nominating Committee
207. (AEC) Adult Education Week 1963, 1971
208. (AEC) Adult Education Week
209. (AEC) Minutes, 1971-72
210. (AEC) Adult Education Week
211. (AEC) Pennsylvania Association
212. (AEC) Adult Education Association USA
213. (AEC) Membership Forms and Correspondence
214. (AEC) Correspondence 1966-67, 1972-73
215. (AEC) Correspondence and Address Lists 1966-1970
216. (AEC) Correspondence 1978

SERIES VI. OTHER ORGANIZATIONS

217. Harcum Junior College Equipment Purchases
218. Harcum Junior College Correspondence, 1953-56, 1975
219. Adult Education Council
220. Adult Education Council Directory, 1969-1971
221. Adult Education Week (event), 1971
222. Banks Business College, 1954 - 58
223. Jefferson House, 1977-78

SERIES VII. SCRAPBOOKS

224. (2) Photographs (removed to the Junto (Philadelphia, Pa.) Photograph Collection)
225. Scrapbooks Sept. , 1941 to Oct., 1941
226. Scrapbooks (Newspaper inserts) 1970, 1977 (removed to oversize box)
227. Scrapbooks "Levittown Publicity" 1950-51
228. Scrapbooks "Junto Publicity" 1972
229. Clippings 1960 - 1965

BOX 5

SERIES VIII. MEMORABILIA

230. Philip Klein Signature Block
Various oversized itemstaken from folder numbers noted above.

BOX 6

Various oversized items; folder numbers from above.

SERIES IX. PHOTOGRAPHS

Stored separately.

Anniversary, 10th

Courses
  • Art
  • Astronomy
  • Bridge
  • Business Skills
  • Charm Class
  • Chemistry
  • China Mending
  • Cooking
  • Creative Writing
  • Dancing
  • Draperies
  • Fashions
  • Flower Arrangement
  • Gardening
  • Millinery
  • Music
  • Nature Adventures
  • Navigation
  • Photography
  • Pottery
  • Psychology
  • Public Speaking
  • Radio Acting
  • Theatre
Faculty Frolic
Lunch and Learn
Miscellaneous
Open House, 1947
Portraits, 1935, 1941
Registration