Opportunities Industrialization Centers International, Series III: Finance and Administration

Collection ID: 
Record Group 689
Date: 
1969-1985
Collecting Area: 
* Closed Materials are available only with premission of the owner.

BACKGROUND

OIC International is a private, non-profit, voluntary organization founded in 1969 by Reverend Leon Sullivan. This organization is a direct outgrowth of the OIC movement in the United States. The mission of OICI is to contribute to the economic and social development, primarily of Third World countries, by the establishment and institutionalization of non-formal skills training programs. The OICI training model provides a innovative approach to vocational, technical and agricultural skills training that has helped the unemployed and underemployed to be self - reliant and actively involved in local communities of Africa, South America, Europe and the Caribbean.

Soon after the founding of OICs of America in 1964, news of the organizations' accomplishments and unique approach to job training attracted attention abroad. In January 1969 Dr. Folorunsho Salawu, a Nigerian physician, contacted Reverend Sullivan to discuss the possibility of extending OIC programs to Africa. In February and March 1969 Reverend Sullivan and a delegation of fifty religious and community leaders toured the African nations of Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, and Kenya to determine the adaptability of the OIC program design to the employment needs of the African continent. During this period numerous job opportunities existed in Africa because of world demand for the continent's wealth of natural and agricultural resources.

However, the delegation found a shortage of skilled laborers to fill the majority of highly technical job positions. Confident that OICI could bridge the gap between the African labor force and industrial demands, a funding proposal was formulated and submitted to the United States Agency for International Development. By October 1969 U.S. AID funding was approved and a OICI Central Office was organized in Philadelphia to manage overseas activities.

The first OICI program was started in Lagos, Nigeria in 1970. The training center enrolled 70 trainees in badly equipped quarters. Dr. Salawu was appointed Chairman of the Board. Also that same year the second OIC was started in Accra, Ghana under the leadership of S. P. Dampson. By 1973 OICI training programs had expanded to include centers in Ethiopia and Kenya.

These first generation OIC programs catered solely to the needs of urban school leavers and drop-outs. Programs were reflected developed in accordance with traditional OIC concepts and principles, and reflected the employment needs of the communities they served. Program components included Recruitment, Counseling and Pre-Service Instruction (Feeder Program) to help ensure proper motivation and attitude before the start of vocational training. Feeder Program trainees were taught to respect the work ethic and the responsibilities they would undertake as well as receive instruction in basic computational and communications This pre-service training was followed by vocational skills instruction in course areas such as building trades, auto mechanics, air conditioning/refrigeration, metal work, secretarial science, catering, drafting, masonry and plumbing. At the completion of their programs the OICI job component helped graduates to obtain employment in their fields of specialization.

Between 1976 and 1978 the second wave of OICI Africa Programs opened in Zambia, Sierra Leone, Lesotho, Liberia, Gambia and Togo. While programs still focused on urban youths as the target beneficiaries of vocational skills training, new programs expanded their base to include business management development and agriculture. In Togo and Gambia OICI helped shape agricultural training programs to teach rural youths practical methods and technologies appropriate to small family farms. In Sierra Leone and Lesotho public and private needs induced OIC to develop courses to stimulate entreprenurship, and upgrade skills of middle management, technical and administrative personnel.

In the 1980's a third generation of programs were established in the African countries of Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia and Togo, and reflect further changes in the OICI program design. Unlike earlier projects, these new programs were significantly smaller in budget design and required less long term in-country assistance than did their predecessors. After 1982 programs that used to be staffed with six to nine Technical Cooperative Team personnel, were now set up with only three. New programs also focused on job demand creation rather than job placement. Over the last decade changes in prices, world demand and natural disasters had plunged many African nations into severe economic hardship. This had resulted in a reduction of job opportunities and cutbacks in existing employment positions. OICI had to adjust the focus of its curriculum to meet the changing employment needs of African nations. New programs concentrated on the development in rural areas of a diverse
group of self-employment skills, including farming, animal husbandry, and rural vocational trades and business development.

In recent years OICI has placed new emphasis on resource development. This effort were fueled in part by a U.S. AID funding delay that occurred at OICI headquarters in 1981. Since the majority of OICI financial support came from U.S. AID, many overseas programs were adversely affected. Several projects were delayed by as much as 10 months. In order to survive OICI had to reduce its personnel by 50%, which further diminished the organizations' effectiveness to manage its field programs. In 1982 OICI commissioned two independent evaluation consultants to assess the institutional capability of the organization. The evaluation reaffirmed the fact that OICI must diversify and increase its resource funding base to include other kinds of financial support outside of U.S.AID. As a result of OICI in intensified resource development activities, the share of non-U.S. government support in the overall revenue of OICI and its affiliate field programs in 1986 rose to an all-time the high of forty percent. Funds were received from a variety of sources including the International Foundation for Education and Self-Help, the Canadian Center for International Studies and Cooperation, Operations Crossroads Africa, and various U.S. corporations.

A landmark in the history of OICI was the first African Development Conference held March 2-7, 1987 at Togo, Lome. The Conference was attended by 401 OICI program delegates from 19 OIC training centers and interest groups in 13 countries in Africa, the United Kingdom and Canada. They were joined by numerous high level officials of government donor agencies and U.S. corporations,along with representatives from OICs of America and the Opportunities Academy for Management Training. This conference brought together for the first time in one setting the entire OIC international community to undergo training, exchange ideas, and honor key supporters of the OIC movement.

Since its inception twenty years ago OICI has established eighteen training centers around the world. Several OICs in Africa have institutionalized their programs, and secured their own funds for operation, expansion and replication . without OICI financial support. However, these independent institutions remain affiliated to OICI through technical and informational ties. In coming decades OICI hopes to encourage further development of new OIC programs abroad, and to continue to provide innovative solutions and nations alternatives to problems of unemployment and underemployment in developing nations worldwide.


ORGANIZATION
 

Organized into seven series:
  • Series I: Administration (Box 1)
  • Series II: Executive Directors' Office (Boxes 1-13)
  • Series III: Finance and Administration (Boxes 14-20)
  • Series IV: Planning and Development (Boxes 21-29)
  • Series V: Evaluation Office (Boxes 29-30)
  • Series VI: Audio-Visual Materials (Boxes 31-33)
  • Series VII: Student Files (CLOSED)

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE
This section contains financial statements, audit reports, correspondence, memorandums, telexes and cables, and lease agreements for OICI headquarters. Files also contain information regarding financial activities in OICI program countries in Africa between 1975-1983.


INVENTORY


Box 14
Analysis of OICI Expenditures from
February 10, 1969-September 30, 1980
Application for Solicitation of Federal Civilian and Uniformed Service Personnel for Contributors to Private Voluntary Organizations, February 1, 1983
Budget Projections and Summaries, 1977-1981
Discussion Meetings Agendas on Progress Reports for OIC Locals in Africa, 1977
Financial Statements for OICI Headquarters
1977-1980 (2 folders)
1982-1984
Guidelines for OICI Central Organizations Report to the Field 1976
Guidelines for Overseas Financial Operations, 1970
Lease Agreements for Zambia, Togo, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Lesotho, and Liberia, 1976-1979
Lucas, Tucker and Company Audit Report Fiscal Year 1983
Memorandum, 1976-1977, 1980-1982 (4 folders)
OICI Orientation for Board Members and Staff of Local OIC Held in the Central Office (Photographs Included), 1975
OICI Vocational Training Techniques and Management Project Applicants (Photographs Included), 1971-1972
Overseas Program Countries
Africa
Gambia OIC
Audit Examination of Books and Accounts for Gambia OIC September 1979
Correspondence
1977-1978
1979-1980
1981
1982-1983
Fiscal Expenditures, December 1978
Memorandum
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
Monthly Report Responses from Finance and Administration Division 1978-1982
Monthly Report Reviews
1978
January-June 1979
July-December 1979
1980
1981

Box 15
Program Budgets 1977-1981
Project Proposal (Financial Requirements) for Gambia OIC Student Settlement Program 1979-1980
Quarterly Fiscal Report January 1, 1979-March 31, 1979
Telexes and Cables
1978-1979
1980
1981
1982
1983-1984
Ghana
Correspondence
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
Fiscal Management Reports 1978-1979
Fund Raising Accounts for Fiscal Year 1978-1979
Inventory and Expenditures Sheets, 1977-1979
Lease Agreements 1977
Memorandum
1973
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
Management Information Systems Fiscal Monthly Reports
Accura OIC, 1980-1981
Kumasi OIC, 1980-1981
National Office, 1980-1981
Sekondi/Takoradi, 1980-1981
Memorandum of Agreement Between OICI and Ghana OIC, October 1976-September 1980
Monthly Report Responses from Finance and Administration Division
1976-1978
1980
Monthly Report Reviews
1978
January-June 1979
July-December 1979
Newsclippings 1982
Personnel Policies 1980
Program Budgets 1975-1978
Request for Amendment to the OICI
Planned Phase-Out and the End of Fiscal Year 1976
Telexes and Cables
1975-1980
1981
1982
1983
Travel Itineraries for Ghana OIC
Personnel 1977-1978
Wage and Salary Plan for Members of Ghana OIC Staff 1973-1977

Box 16
Lesotho
Correspondence
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
Document of Understanding on What Has to Be Handed over the Industrial Arts
Program to the Lesotho OIC for Training, 1978
Job Descriptions 1980
Memorandums, 1978-1983 (6 folders)
Monthly Program Financial Reports, 1980
Monthly Reports, General 1978-1980 (3 folders)
Monthly Report Responses, 1978-1980 (3 folders)
Monthly Report Reviews, 1978-1981 (5 folders)
Program Budgets, 1980-1981 (2 folders)
Program Financial Audit, September 30, 1979-September 30, 1980
Report of the Auditors to the Directors of Lesotho OIC 1979
Telexes and Cables, 1978-1983 (7 folders)

Box 17
Liberia
Consolidated Report on Fiscal Activity
Pertaining to Grant AID/PHA/G-1125
1977-1979
Correspondence, 1977-1983 (5 folders)
Memorandums, 1979-1983 (3 folders)
Monthly Report Responses From P/A Office 1977-1983
Monthly Report Review, 1978-1981 (3 folders) Program Budgets 1977-1981 (4 folders)
Special Financial Reports 1979
Status Report on Purchase Orders and Material Requests from U.S. AID Grant
Number G-1125, August 18, 1979
Telexes and Cables, 1978-1983 (5 folders)
Sierra Leone
Board of Directors Meeting Minutes June 17, 1978
Correspondence, 1976-1980 (5 folders)
Lease Agreements 1977, 1979
Memorandums, 1976-1980 (6 folders)

Box 18
Memorandum of Agreement for Vocational Training Program 1976-1978
Monthly Report Responses from Finance and Administration 1978-1979
Monthly Report Reviews
1978 (2 Folders)
January-June 1979
July-December 1979
January-June 1980
July-December 1980
Program Budgets 1976-1980
Telexes and Cables, 1980-1983 (6 folders)
Togo OIC
Correspondence, 1976-1983 (10 folders)
Field Trip Reports 1977
Lease Agreements 1976-1978
Memorandums
1976-1980 (6 folders)

Box 19
1981-1983 (3 folders)
Memorandum of Agreement for Togo OIC
Agriculture Training Program July 1, 1976-June 30, 1977
Monthly Financial Reports 1976-1977
Monthly Report Responses from Finance and Administration
1977-1982 (2 folders)
Monthly Report Reviews, 1979-1981 (3 folders)
OIC Togo and OICI Board and Professional
Staff Meeting Minutes Lome Togo, Africa, July 8, 1977
Outline of Major Points to be Considered for Communications to Washington, DC
Concerning Togo Program Activities, May 17, 1979
Pre-Service Training Project Paper by B. Sylla, Finance/Administration Specialist, April 1980
Program Budgets, 1977-1981 (4 folders)
Telexes and Cables, 1979-1983 (5 folders)
Togo OIC Project Evaluation 1981
Report Guidelines 1976
Schedules and Agendas 1979-1980
Six Month Financial Report October 1, 1981-March 1982
Six Month Plan of Work Procurement from Finance and Administration Office, October 1, 1979-March 31, 1980
Sixteenth Annual Convocation June 8-11, 1980
OICI Participants from Lesotho OIC (Photographs Included)
Travel Itineraries
Telex Log 1981-1982
Telexes and Cables
1981-1982
September 1982-September 1983
Text of Welcome Address by A.M.O. Oseni, Chairman of the Board, Lagos OIC to Gary Robinson OICI Director, February 25, 1976

Box 20
United States Agency for International Development (U.S. AID)
African Mission Public Vouchers and Financial
Memorandum and Correspondence for U.S. AID
Grant Number G-1125
October 1982-September 1983
October 1983-September 1984
October 1984-September 1985
Correspondence, 1975-1984 (9 folders)
Letter Approvals for U.S. AID Grant Number G-1125
October 1977-September 1978
1979-1980