Pennsylvania Child Labor Association Records

Collection ID: 
Acc. 177
Date: 
1905-1915
Footage: 
.5 cubic feet
Collecting Area: 

Subjects:

 

HISTORICAL NOTE


The Pennsylvania Child Labor Association was the outgrowth of a committee appointed by the State Federation of Women's Clubs in 1903. From its inception until 1908, the organization was known as the Pennsylvania Child Labor Committee. It became the Pennsylvania Child Labor Association in 1908 with local chapters established throughout the state. In 1912, the Association reorganized with two branches: the Eastern Branch situated in Philadelphia and the Western Branch situated in Pittsburgh. The state.wide office remained in Philadelphia. The Association's objectives included investigating and reporting the condition of child employment in gainful occupations throughout the state; promoting legislation to protect children from dangerous occupations; creating opportunities for education; enforcing the laws relating to child labor and compulsory education; and bringing educational and industrial opportunities closer in line.

Some of the accomplishments of the Association include the removal of Chief Labor Inspector Delaney in 1908; strengthen the existing, although inadequate, child labor laws, which it successfully did with a new child labor act 1915. The new act called for a nine hour day; a fifty.two hour week; and that children under varying ages attend an approved vocational school for not less the one half day per work week.

Seeing an overlap in the area of work and education, the Pennsylvania Child Labor Association merged with the Public Education Association of Philadelphia (founded in 1880) to form the Public Education and Child Labor Association of Pennsylvania in 1915.
 

PROCESSING NOTE

In processing this collection, it was impossible to determine which of the post 1908 records were generated by the Pennsylvania Child Labor Association; its Philadelphia chapter, the Philadelphia Child Labor Committee; and to a limited extent the Eastern Branch for the post 1912 records. Thus the committee minutes have been sequentially interfiled within the two administrative bodies.

 

ORGANIZATION AND ARRANGEMENT
 

This collection has been arranged into five series:

  1. Administrative
  2. Financial
  3. Committee Reports
  4. Bills and Ordinances
  5. Investigations


ACQUISITION INFORMATION

Deposited by the Citizens Committee on Public Education in Philadelphia through Miriam L. Gafni, April 1974.


INVENTORY
 

SERIES I. Administrative

Box 1

Constitution and By Laws, 1907.1912
Executive Committee Minutes, 1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
Board of Director's Minutes
1912
1913
1914
1915
Executive Committee Minutes, 1913
Chairman's Report, 1911
Secretary's Report
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914

SERIES II. Financial

Treasurer's Report

1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914

SERIES III. Committee Reports

Committee on Labor and Industry, 1912
Delaney Case
Charge's Committee, 1908
Scott Nearing in relation to Captain Delaney, 1907
Educational Commission, "Changes in School Code," 1910
Special Committee on Organization, 1912
Subcommittee on the State Industrial Commission, 1914

SERIES IV. Bills and Ordinances

"Age and Issuance Bill; Factories, Etc. and Anthracite and Bituminous Mines," 1908
Child Labor Campaign, 1906
"An Ordinance relating to Minors Working in the Streets and Public Places in Philadelphia," 1912

SERIES V. Investigations

"Newspaper Selling in Philadelphia," 1910
"The Night Messenger Service in Pennsylvania," 1912