Textile Workers Union of America, Philadelphia Joint Board Records

Collection ID: 
URB 54
Date: 
1921-1980
Collecting Area: 

Subjects:

 

HISTORICAL NOTE

The local unions that made up the Philadelphia Joint Board, TWUA, trace their history back prior to the Board's formation. Upholstery Weaver's Local 25, for example, received its first union charter in 1889 from the United Textile Workers. But prior to 1937, organization in Philadelphia was weak and sporadic. Strikes in 1939 and 1934 established a foothold, but significant gains were not made until the formation of the Textile Worker's Organizing Committee (TWOC) in 1937 under CIO direction.

Philadelphia unionists played a prominent role in the transformation of TWOC into the strong permanent TWUA in 1939. Emil Rieve, who headed the Hosiery Division of TWOC became the first TWUA President and William Pollock, the business agent of Local 25 served as general Secretary/ Treasurer (1939-1953), Vice President (1954-1956) and eventually President (1956-1972). The growth and establishment of locals in Philadelphia assured the TWUA of a strong bargaining position in the textile industry because, at the time, the city was one of the leading textile centers. As the Philadelphia Joint Board membership climbed above 10,000, the TWUA also became a leading force in city politics and the local industrial union movement.

During World War II the Joint Board's influence peaked. The war stimulated textile production and the TWUA president's influence with the Roosevelt Administration helped solidify the union's collective bargaining position, wages doubled between 1940-1946. The post-war years, however, brought a decline in union strength. As textile production shifted overseas or to Southern unorganized mills, the TWUA lost much of its membership and its strength. By the 1970s the number of organized workers in Philadelphia was down below 2500.

The papers of the Philadelphia Joint Board complement the major collection of the TWUA National papers at the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. They offered a revealing portrait of the activities of two locals -- Upholstery Weavers' Local 25 and Plush and Velvet Workers Local 33 -- predating the formation of the TWUA as well as negotiation correspondence, shop agreements and complete Joint Board minutes dating from the 1940s.

ORGANIZATION AND ARRANGEMENT

The papers have been arranged into five series, as follows:

  • Series I: Administration (1939-1979)
  • Series II: Subject Files (1966-1975)
  • Series III: Agreements and Correspondence Files (1937- 1980)
  • Series IV: Manuals and Financial Records (1939-1976)
  • Series V: Local Union Records (1921-1979)
     
Series I. Administration. The Administration series consists primarily of the minutes of the Joint Board meetings (1946-1978) and the Joint Board, Board of Directors meetings (1949-1979). In addition, a brief history of the Joint Board, union constitutions and managers reports (1967-1974) are included.

Series II. Subject Files. This series includes correspondence and printed matter, arranged by subject, primarily for the years 1967-1974. Subjects include COPE, health plans, TWUA department bulletins and reports and local and national federations. Among the correspondents are TWUA national officers Joseph Chupka, Joseph Huueter, William Pollock and Sol Stetin.

Series III. Agreements and Correspondence Files. This series documents union-company relations and bargaining from 1937 to 1980. Arranged by company, the files contain the negotiated agreements and tell the correspondence relating to union matters between the TWUA and the company.

Series IV. Proceedings, Manuals, and Financial Records. Included are TWUA convention proceedings (1939-1974), few Pennsylvania AFL-CIO convention proceedings, several TWUA staff manuals and quarterly financial reports. In addition, some material covering union and staff programs for health care and pensions is included.

Series V. Local Union Records. The records for Local 25 consists of minutes (1937-1971) and scattered earlier documents, which include juris.diction agreements, organized reports, correspondence and strike committee papers, dating from the 1920s and 1930s. Local 33 minutes cover the period 1935-1979 for both general memberships and executive board meetings. Minutes for Locals 80 and 208 cover some of the period between 1950 and the 1970ss.



INVENTORY
 

Series I: Administration

Box 1
1 TWUA Constitution, 1956, 1966, 1970
2 History of the TWUA, 1939-1969
3-20 Joint Board Minutes, 1946-1963

Box 2
21-35 Joint Board Minutes, 1964-1978

Series II: Subject Files

Box 3
1 AFL-CIO, 1969-1970
2 American Arbitration Association, 1967-1973
3 Area Manpower, 1969-1974
4 Associated Hospital Service of Philadelphia, 1967-1974
5 Ballots, 1970-1973
6 Board of Directors, 1973
7 Bowling League, 1973-1975
8 Bucks County AFL-CIO, 1973-1974
9 Christmas Mailing List, 1971-1973
10 Chupka, John, TWUA Sec.-Treas., 1967
11-12 Communications to and from Legislators, 1967-1973
13 Communications to Local Unions, 1967-1973
14 Communications to Members, 1967-1974
15-16 COPE, 1966-1974

Box 4
17 Coponi, Joseph, TWUA Regional Director, 1973-1974
18 Criden, Irving, 1969-1977
19 Daoust, Harold, 1968-1970
20 DiCicco, Anthony, 1973-1974
21-23 Donations and Contributions, 1967-1974
24-26 DuChessi, William, 1967-1974
27 Dyers and Furnishers Local 208, 1967-1973
28 Equal Employment Opportunities Commission, 1973
29 Frost, Sam, 1967-1970

Box 5
30 Horne, G. Edward, 1973-1974
31 Hosiery Division, 1967-1970
32 Hueter, Joseph, 1967-1973
33 Insurance Plans and Coverage, 1967-1974
34 Join Board Delegates and Data, 1967-1974
35-36 Labor Department, 1967-1974
37 Legislative Bulletins, 1967-1970
38 Legislative Committee, 1967-1974

Box 6
39 Markovitz, Jerome L., 1967-1974
40-42 Miscellaneous Communications, 1967-1974
43 Miscellaneous Textile Products Local 33, 1967-1974
44 Money Owed to Employees by Philadelphia Dye Works, 1973-1974
45 National Office Strike Authorization Forms, 1971
46 Newspaper Releases, 1970
47-48 Organizing, 1967-1970
49 Pennsylvania, Statements by Governor, 1973
50-51 Pennsylvania AFL-CIO, 1967-1970

Box 7
52 Pennsylvania AFL-CIO, 1971-1974
53 Permits for Use of Building, 1967-1969
54-55 Philadelphia, City of, 1967-1970
56-58 Philadelphia AFL-CIO, 1967-1970
59 Philadelphia Urban Coalition, 1969-1970
60 Pollock, William, 1967-1968
61 Retired Members Club, 1967-1974

Box 8
62 Rock Hill, North Carolina Case, 1967
63 Retired Members Club, 1967-1974
64 Rubenstein, Jack, 1967-1968
65 State Voting, 1967-1970
66-69 Stetin, Paul, 1973-1974
70-71 Strike Notices, Mediation, 1967-1974

Box 9
72 Summary of Cases, 1967
73 Swaity, Paul, 1973-1974
74 TWUA Conventions, 1968-1974
75 TWUA Education Department, 1967-1974
76-78 TWUA Executive Council, 1967-1968

Box 10
79-83 TWUA Executive Council, 1968-1971

Box 11
84 TWUA Legal Department, 1967-1974
85 TWUA Miscellaneous Joint Boards and Locals, 1967-1974
86 TWUA National Office Bulletins, 1967-1974
87-89 TWUA News Releases, 1967-1974
90-92 TWUA Research Department, 1967-1974

Box 12
93 Textile Labor Releases, 1967-1974
94 Thirtieth Anniversary, 1969
95 Unemployment, 1967-1974
96 United Fund, 1967-1973

Series III: Agreements and Correspondence Files

1-2 American Safety Equipment Company, 1966-1969
3-4 Anchor Dyeing and Finishing, 1950-1975
5 Artex Knitting Mills, 1967-1975

Box 13
6-8 Asten-Hill Manufacturing Company, 1968-1975
9-10 Atlas Fabrics, 1951-1971
11 Baxter Dye Works, 1970-1971
12-13 Bee Finishing Company, 1946-1975
14-15 Brehm and Sons, 1962-1974

Box 14
15-16 Brehm and Steele, 1941-1979
17-19 Caledonian Dye Works, 1950-1975

Box 15
20-21 Clifton Yarn Mills, 1937-1974
22-24 Conklin Mills, 1947-1975

Box 16
25-27 Craftex Mills, 1941-1977
28-29 Dashevesky, E. and Sons, 1964-1975

Box 17
30-31 Delaware Ribbon Manufacturers, Inc., 1963-1975
32-36 Downs Carpet Company, 1938-1977

Box 18
37-39 Eddington Thread Manufacturing Company, 1968-1976
40-41 Fibre Yarns and Fillers, 1968-1975
42-43 Frankford Woolen Mills, 1940-1976

Box 19
44-46 Frankford Woolen Mills, 1940-1976
47 Franklin Carpet Company, 1972-1976
48-50 Grover, J.D. and Sons, 1947-1976

Box 20
51-52 Grover, J.D. and Sons, 1947-1976
53 Guild Yarns Labor Conference, 1955-1973
54-56 Hardwick and Magee, 1943-1976

Box 21
57-59 Horn and Brother, Inc., 1955-1975
60-61 Hue-Wanna Processors, 1964-1975
62-63 Janette Hosiery Finishers, 1959-1975

Box 22
64-66 Jeffries Processors, 1962-1975
67-69 Jomac, Inc., 1947-1978

Box 23
70-72 Jomac, Inc., 1947-1978
73-74 Keystone Dyeing Company, 1963-1977

Box 24
75-77 Leedom Carpet Company, 1944-1979
78 Lehigh Yarn Company, 1973-1975

Box 25
79-81 Michie, A.Y., Company, 1937-1975
82 Multi-Knit, Inc., 1968-1971
83 Narricot Corp., 1962-1972

Box 26
84-87 Nelson, Hugh, Company, 1937-1975
88-90 Nicetown Dye Works, 1941-1980

Box 27
91-94 Orinoka Mills, 1942-1975
95-96 Peerless Dyeing Company, 1952-1975
97 Philadelphia Carpet Company, 1939-1975

Box 28
98-99 Philadelphia Carpet Company, 1939-1975
100-101 Philadelphia Dye Works, 1961-1975
102 Philadelphia Felt Company, 1939-1975

Box 29
103-106 Philadelphia Felt Company, 1939-1975
107 Philadelphia Quilting Company, 1950-1973

Box 30
108 Philadelphia Quilting Company, 1950-1973
109-110 Sackville Mills, 1941-1977
111 Standard Tapestry, 1940-1977
112-113 Textile Service Company, 1938-1979

Box 31
114 Textile Service Company, 1938-1979
115-117 Tru-Knit Industries, 1966-1979
118-119 Twitchell, E.W., 1939-1969

Box 32
120 Waters, D.F. and Son, 1942-1979
121-122 Whitaker and Sons, 1960-1974

Series IV: Proceedings, Manuals, and Financial Records

1-8 TWIJA Convention Proceedings, 1939-1954

Box 33
9-17 TWUA Convention Proceedings, 1939-1970

Box 34
18-21 TWUA Convention Proceedings, 1972-1974
22-28 Pennsylvania AFL-CIO Conventions, 1972-1976
29 COPE Activity Manual, 1960
30 OSHA Manuals, 1972
31 TWUA Miscellaneous Manuals, undated
32 TWUA Organizing Manual, 1964

Box 35
33 TWUA Staff Manual, 1967
34-36 Unorganized Shops Manual, 1977
37 Weaving Manual, undated
38-40 Financial Reports (Quarterly), 1941-1952

Box 36
41-45 Financial Reports (Quarterly), 1953-1972

Box 37
46 Financial Reports (Quarterly), 1973-1975
47-48 Dyers' and Printers' Pension Fund, 1967-1970
49 Hosiery Workers' Health Plan, 1964-1974
50-51 TWUA Health Plan, 1967-1970

Box 38
52-54 TWUA Health Plan, 1971-1974
55-56 TWUA Life Insurance Plan, 1966-1973
57 TWUA Pension Fund, 1973-1974
58-59 TWUA Staff Retirement Plan, 1967-1971

Series V: Local Union Records

Box 39
1-10 Local 25, Minutes, 1937-1971
11 Local 25, Audits, 1926-1928
12 Local 25, Joint Executive Committee Reports, 1926 - 1930
13 Local 25, Jurisdiction Agreements, 1921-1934
14 Local 25, Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1932-1934
15-16 Local 25, Mt. Holly Agreement and Correspondence, 1926-1933
17 Local 25, Negotiation Conference, 1932
18 Local 25, Northampton, Pennsylvania Strike, Correspondence, 1933-1934
19 Local 25, Official Correspondence, 1926
20 Local 25, Organizer's Reports, 1925-1926

Box 40
21 Local 25, Organizers' Leaflets, 1933
22 Local 25, Paterson, New Jersey, Correspondence, 1933-1934
23 Local 25, Strike Committee Minutes, 1931
24-27 Local 33, Executive Board Minutes, 1935-1979

Box 41
28-30 Local 33, Meeting Minutes, 1938-1973
31 Local 208, Meeting Minutes, 1963-1970

Box 42
32-36 Local 80, Meeting Minutes, 1950-1973