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Academia Nacional De San Carlos (Mexico) Lithographic Workshop Collection

Collection ID

SCRC 83

Related Subject(s)

Collecting Area(s)

Description

Collection Summary

Title
Academia Nacional De San Carlos (Mexico) Lithographic Workshop Collection

Dates
1825-1866      

Collection ID
SCRC 83

Creator
Academia Nacional de San Carlos (Mexico). Lithographic Workshop

Quantity
0.25 linear feet (1 box)           

Repository
Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries

Language
Materials in Spanish          

Detailed Collection Information

Historical Note

The Academia Nacional de San Carlos in Mexico, founded in 1781 as the School of Engraving, was the first major art academy and the first art museum in the Americas. The first lithographic presses in Mexico arrived at the Academia by 1927, and in 1931 the Academia appointed a Director of Graphics, Manuel Aráoz. The Academia became part of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in the 20th century.

Bibliography

Consulted and recommended for further reference. Some materials in the below inventory are further described in one of the works in this bibliography.

O’Gorman, Edmundo. Documentos Para la Historia de la Litografia en Mexico. México: Impr. Universitaria, 1955.

Toussaint, Manuel. La Litografia en Mexico en el Siglo XIX. México, 1934. Ediciones Facsimilares de la Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico. U.N.M.

Description of Collection

This collection consists of twenty-nine original letters, documents, and copies, from between 1825-1866, relating to the transfer of lithographic presses from the Mexican government to the Academy for their first lithographic workshop and perhaps the first academic program in North America. Some of the later documents refer to the re-establishment of a lithographic workshop in their Department of Fine Arts, after the failure of the original workshop ten years after its founding. Much of the correspondence is between the government's representative, Lucas Alamán, who was Primera Secretaria de Estado, Departamento del Interior, and officials representing the Academy, including Secretary of the Academy Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle and I. Urbano Fonseca, Director of the Academia de San Carlos.

Organization and Arrangement

The collection is arranged chronologically.

Patron Information

Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Temple University’s online library catalog: http://diamond.temple.edu/record=b1610649~S30

Research Access

Collection is open for research.

Collections Stored Off-Site

This collection may be housed off-site at the Library Depository, and require up to two business days to retrieve. Please review the finding aid and be prepared to identify specific materials to be retrieved. Contact the Special Collections Research Center in advance of your visit, so that materials may be relocated to the reading room for research.

Publication and Copyright Information

The Academia Nacional De San Carlos (Mexico) Lithographic Workshop Collection is the physical property of the Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries. Intellectual property rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for determining the identity of rights holders and obtaining their permission for publication and for other purposes where stated.

Preferred Citation

[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number], Academia Nacional De San Carlos (Mexico) Lithographic Workshop Collection, SCRC 83, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Purchased in July 1973.

Processing Information

Collection first processed in February 1975. Collection reprocessed and finding aid revised according to contemporary archival standards in September 2014 by Katy Rawdon, Coordinator of Technical Services.           

Index Terms

The following headings have been used to index the description of this collection in Temple University’s electronic catalog:

Personal/Family Names:
Alamán, Lucas, 1792-1853
Fonseca, I. Urbano
Sánchez de Tagle, Francisco Manuel, 1782-1847

Corporate Names:
Academia Nacional De San Carlos (Mexico)
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Subjects:
Art--Study and teaching--Mexico
Lithography, Mexican--19th century

Places:
Mexico City (Mexico)

Material Types:
Administrative records
Correspondence
Financial records
Manuscripts
School records

Inventory

Series 1: Academia Nacional De San Carlos (Mexico) Lithographic Workshop Collection, 1825-1866


1          1          Alamán, Lucas. Letter to the Governor of the State of Puebla, Mexico          April 6, 1825

Official copy, signed, to the Director de la Academia de San Carlos. Informing the Governor that the President of Mexico had not excused Jose Manso, an engraver, from the examination required to be admitted to the expedition to Rome; and that Manso should report to the Academia to take the examination.

1          2          Sánchez de Tagle, Francisco Manuel. Copy of letter to the President of Mexico          August 4, 1827

Requesting that the lithographic presses and equipment, which are in the Ministerio de Relacions, be transferred to the Academy where they will have a much greater usefulness to students and the public. Transcribed in O'Gorman, p. 94, doc. no. 30 (see above bibliography).

1          3          Unsigned copy of letter to Lucas Alamán          July 8, 1830

Reports that the Director of the Academy has received all the litho­graphic equipment and has listed it in his letter of July 6th.

1          4          Alamán, Lucas. Letter to the Academy          July 20, 1830

Noting that the Vice President of Mexico has already been informed of the letter sent by the Director of the Academy, with the list of litho­graphic equipment sent with it.

1          5          Alamán, Lucas. Letter to the Academy          July 21, 1830 

To celebrate the anniversary of “del grito de Dolores,” the Junta Patriotica had asked Ramon Sixto de Irigoyen to print in­vitations. The Vice President has decided to use the presses and other lithographic equipment existing in the Academia de San Carlos for the printing of these invitations.

1          6          Alamán, Lucas. Letter to Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle          October 4, 1830

Alamán informs Sánchez de Tagle of the desire of the President to have Serrano as the Professor of Lithography at the Academy. During the six or eight months of his teaching, he should be paid 25 pesos. However, Ramon de Irigoyen had also offered himself for the same position. It is the job of the Academy to choose the right person. Sánchez de Tagle is not to forget the expenses for such an enterprise. See O'Gorman, p. 104, doc. no. 40 (see above bibliography).

1          7          Copy of list of expenses proposed for presses and the establishing of a lithographic workshop at the Academy          October 8, 1830

Price to build two partition walls in the room for the study of mathematics (50 pesos). Price for two tables, one to prepare the stones another to prepare the paper, plus other minor expenses (100 pesos). Monthly expenses for the con­servation of equipment (25 pesos). See O'Gorman, p. 103, doc. no. 39 (see above bibliography).

1          8          Ixtolingue, Pedro Patino, President-Director, Academia de San Carlos. Letter signed, es copia, to Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle          October 8, 1830

Informing Sánchez de Tagle of the decision made by the President of the Academy and other professors on the choice of Ignacio Serrano over Ramon Sixto Irigoyen as Professor of Lithography. Both competitors had to do an engraving and Serrano showed better disposition and know­ledge. Suggests that studies be made on characters of modern alphabet, signs, paints, and printing techniques. See O'Gorman, p. 105, doc. no. 41 (see above bibliography).

1          9          Sánchez de Tagle, Francisco Manuel. Copy of letter to Lucas Alamán          October 9, 1830

Formal notification to the government of the examination and choice of Serrano. See O'Gorman, p. 105, doc. no. 42 (see above bibliography).

1          10          Alamán, Lucas. Letter to Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle          October 13, 1830

After his showing the selection of the Academy for Professor of Lithography and the list of expenses to the Vice President, The Vice President gave orders to start the work immediately at the assigned place.

1          11          Sánchez de Tagle, Francisco Manuel. Copy of letter to Lucas Alamán          October 30, 1830

Informing Alamán of his intention to have Serrano as the Professor of Lithography of the Academy. He should receive a salary of 25 pesos per month for 6 to 8 months, and time necessary to give all the instruction to the students assigned to him. Letter requests consent from the Vice President of Mexico. See O'Gorman, p. 102, doc. no. 38 (see above bibliography).

1          12           Alamán, Lucas. Letter to Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle          November 25, 1830

Informing Sánchez de Tagle of the desire of the Vice President to have a plate engraved and that it was to be adjusted to the model sent with the letter (no longer with letter).

1          13          Serrano, Ignacio. Letter to Pedro Patino Ixtolingue, President-Director of the Academy          January 18, 1831

States that the stone that Ixtolingue had sent Serrano for examination to see whether it could be used in lithography was not of very good quality because it gave a lot of resistance to nitric acid. In consequence, and since the Academy had enough stones for the present, searches for stones in other locations should be made.

1          14          Alamán, Lucas. Draft of the following letter to Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle          January 21, 1831
           
1          15          Alamán, Lucas. Letter to Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle          January 28, 1831

Informing the Academy that Ramon Sixto de Irigoyen had offered himself for the position as professor at the Academy and asked for 500 pesos as his salary and 100 pesos extra to pay the expenses for the trip he would have to take if his proposal was admitted.

1          16          Sánchez de Tagle, Francisco Manuel. Copy of letter to Lucas Alamán          January 26, 1831
           
In answer to Alamán’s letter, who asked the Academy to look at the proposition of Ramon Irigoyen to teach lithography at the Academy. Sánchez de Tagle says that Serrano had been chosen for this position, accepted by the President of Mexico, and was already working at the job. Ramon Irigoyen would therefore be so notified. See O'Gorman, p. 108, doc. (see above bibliography).

1          17          Alamán, Lucas. Letter to Francisco Manuel Sánchez de Tagle          February 5, 1831

In answer to Sánchez de Tagle’s letter of January 26, Alamán informed him that he had told the Vice President that the stone to be used in lithography was too hard and could not be used. See O'Gorman, p. 110, doc. no. 51 (see above bibliography).

1          18          Documents 18-27 stitched into paper cover labeled: “Empleador y Seroferones, Sobre establecimiento de la clase de litografia en esta Academia y tramites que segan sequid pose obtenes los utiles corresponde, Ano de 1865, Marzo 30. No. 34.”

(18)    Document by I. Urbano Fonseca. “Establecimiento de la clase de litografia en la Academia de Bellas artes de San Carlos," March 30, 1865

General statement on the need and desire to re-establish the teaching of lithography at the Academy.

(19)    Document signed by mark of I Urbano Fonseca, May 26, 1865

States that an official statement should be sent to el Ministerio de Instruction Publica saying that the Academia had received a notice that el Institute de Ciencias del Foluca had two presses and several stones of lithography, which because of their importance and utility, should be taken to the Academia. Therefore, they were sending someone to the Institute to take the presses apart and send them securely to the Academia.

(20)    Fonseca, I. Urbano. Copy of letter to el Ministro de Instruction Publica, May 26, 1865

Containing information in above.

(21)    Maria, Jose. Letter to I. Urbano Fonseca, June 19, 1865

A report of Maria's observations in Freepan de Santiago. There are two presses, one of iron and another of wood, both in bad condi­tion but the latter is worse than the former. The iron press is missing screws, weights, counter weights and almost all the handles of the wheel. The wooden press is missing screws, weights, counter weights, handles and the spring of the lever. Both are missing tables and all the other tools necessary for printing. The two existing stones are also in poor condition. Because of the condition of the equipment, he suggests that new presses should be bought because more money would be saved in new presses that are ready to work than in old ones that need costly re­pairing.

(22) Document listing presses, etc., undated

At top of letter, holograph note by Fonseca to the head of the lithographic department stating that if the department is interested in buying the lithographic equipment existing in Freepan de Santiago they should do so through him (Fonseca).

(23)    Fonseca, I. Urbano. Copy of letter to Secretary Manuel Inda, June 21, 1865

Asking Inda for his decision on whether the lithographic equipment existing in Freepan should be bought or not. On verso: Note signed by Fonseca, July 7, 1865. States that if the persons interested in the presses at Freepan de Santiago do not give an answer in the next 8 days, he will ask for that equip­ment to be put in deposit in the Academia.

(24)    Fonseca, I. Urbano. Copy of letter to Manuel Inda, July 10, 1865

Because of the lack of reply from Inda, Fonseca is asking for the transfer of the lithographic equipment to the Academia and it was understood that if it was asked to be returned, the equipment should be kept in good condition and running.

(25)    Fonseca, I. Urbano. Copy of letter to el Ministro de Instruction Publica, November 27, 1865

Fonseca asks the government for financial aid for bright students who want to study painting, sculpture and lithography in the Academia but who do not have enough money to continue. The funds of the Academia are too small for the increasing number of students who most of the time have to return home with­out having the opportunity to learn what they came for. Since the Academia had decided some months ago to start teaching lithography, painting and sculpture, it was its duty to continue to promote the arts. He is also asking for 2,000 pesos to buy two presses, some stones and other equipment.         

(26)    Ministerio de Fomento. Letter to the Director de la Academia Imperial de San Carlos, July 17, 1866

Because the Academia lacked funds to run one press and its equip­ment lent by el Ministerio de Fomento, the Minister asks the Director to transfer those items to the Ministerio until they are needed. Marginal handwritten note initialed by Fonseca, July 19, 1866.

(27)    Director of the Academia. Copy of draft of letter to el Ministerio de Fomento, July 24, 1866

As an answer to the previous letter, the lithographic equipment lent by the Ministerio, although with a lack of funds, is being run, and it would be a mistake to take it now in the middle of some printing works. Requests that the equipment be allowed to stay.

1          19          Document with quote from a speech of Francisco Fresguvernas to the members of the Academia de San Carlos          undated

Asking for the introduction of a class of architecture in the Academia.

1          20          Specimen of chromolithography on letterhead of Compania Periodistlca Nacional, S.A., Mexico, D.F.          undated

5.5" watermark, globe on eagle (legend: "El Universal el Gran Diario de Mexico) Fabricado en Mexico, Compania San Rafaol.