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Joseph and Connie Smukler Papers on Soviet Jewry

Collection ID

SCRC 414

Related Subject(s)

Collecting Area(s)

Description

Collection Summary 
 
Title
Joseph and Connie Smukler Papers on Soviet Jewry
 
Dates
1971-1997           
 
Collection ID
SCRC 414
 
Creators
Smukler, Joseph, 1928-2012
Smukler, Connie (Constance)
 
Quantity
3 linear feet (3 boxes)
 
Repository
Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries
 
Language
Materials in English and Russian.
 
 
Detailed Collection Information 
 
Biographical Note
Joseph Smukler and Connie (Constance) Smukler, Philadelphia Soviet Jewry activists, organized local and national rallies, freedom runs, and protests, and lobbied lawmakers to liberate Soviet Jews in the 1970s and 1980s. The Smuklers both served on the Soviet Jewry Council of the Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Philadelphia and the National Conference on Soviet Jewry.
 
Description of Collection 
The Joseph and Connie Smukler Papers on Soviet Jewry document the Smuklers’ involvement in the Soviet Jewry movement to advocate, aid, and communicate with Refuseniks, Soviet Jews denied the right to emigrate from the USSR. The bulk of the collection consists of records from the Soviet Jewry Council and allied national organizations such as administrative correspondence, meeting minutes, reports, publicity materials, and speeches given by the Smuklers at events. Other records in the collection include correspondence from Refuseniks sent to the Smuklers; extensive newspaper clippings and press releases about the plight of Soviet Jews including Natan Shcharansky’s imprisonment and local and national efforts to provide aid to them; Soviet Jewry conference materials; records related to Project Manna, a food distribution program conceived by Joseph Smukler in 1991; and photographs of rallies and related events. The bulk of the collection is in English with some records, namely correspondence and reports from Refuseniks, in Russian.
 
Organization and Arrangement 
Files in the collection have been grouped in the following categories and arranged alphabetically: “Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky,” “Federation of Jewish Agencies,” “International Conferences,” “Life in the Soviet Union,” “National organizations,” “Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism,” and “Soviet Jewry Council.”
 
 
Patron Information 
 
Alternate Form Available
A selection of photographs from this collection have been digitized and are available online on the Temple University Digital Collections website: https://digital.library.temple.edu/digital/collection/p15037coll15
 
Catalog Record 
A record for this collection is available in Temple University’s online library catalog: https://librarysearch.temple.edu/catalog/991037071502603811
 
Research Access 
Collection is open for research.
 
Collections Stored Off-Site
This collection may be housed off-site at the Library Depository, and require up to two business days to retrieve. Please review the finding aid and be prepared to identify specific materials to be retrieved. Contact the Special Collections Research Center in advance of your visit, so that materials may be relocated to the reading room for research. 
 
Publication and Copyright Information 
The Joseph and Connie Smukler Papers on Soviet Jewry is the physical property of the Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries. The creators have not assigned their rights to Temple University Libraries.  Other creators’ intellectual property rights, including copyright, belong to them or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for determining the identity of rights holders and obtaining their permission for publication and for other purposes where stated.  
 
Preferred Citation
[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number], Joseph and Connie Smukler Papers on Soviet Jewry, SCRC 414, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
 
Related Material
Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Philadelphia Records, SCRC 230, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
Bobbie Morgenstern Papers on Soviet Jewry, SCRC 403, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
 
Administrative Information 
 
Acquisition Information
Donated by Joseph Smukler in 1998. Collection previously administered by the Philadelphia Jewish Archives Center, acquired by Temple in June 2009.
 
Processing Information 
The bulk of the collection initially processed and inventoried in February 1998 by Andrew Harrison, Ph.D. Collection arranged according to contemporary archival standards, reboxed, and finding aid prepared in July 2019 by Jessica M. Lydon, Associate Archivist. Some folder titles were edited for the sake of clarity and description enhancement, including the addition of dates and formats.
          
          
Index Terms
 
The following headings have been used to index the description of this collection in Temple University’s electronic catalog:
 
Personal/Family Names: 
Shcharansky, Anatoly
Smukler, Connie (Constance)
Smukler, Joseph, 1928-2012
 
Corporate Names:
Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Philadelphia
National Conference on Soviet Jewry (U.S.)
Soviet Jewry Council (Philadelphia, Pa.)
 
Subjects: 
Antisemitism
Civil rights -- Soviet Union
Food relief -- Soviet Union
Jews -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Societies, etc.
Jews -- Persecutions
Jews -- Soviet Union
Political activists
Political prisoners
Refuseniks
 
Places: 
Philadelphia (Pa.)
United States -- Relations -- Soviet Union
 
Material Types:
Administrative records
Clippings
Correspondence
Ephemera
Financial records
Mailing lists
Manuscripts
Minutes
Negatives
Newsletters
Pamphlets
Photocopies
Photographs
Press releases
Reports
Slides
Souvenir programs
Speeches
 
 
Collection Inventory
 
Box    Folder    Description
1          1          Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky: correspondence regarding release          1985-1986
1          2          Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky: Joseph Smukler speeches          undated
1          3          Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky: National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council and National Conference on Soviet Jewry efforts to aid Shcharansky          1977-1986
1          4          Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky: national newspaper clippings          1977-1986
1          5          Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky: photographs          1987, undated
1          6          Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky: S. L. Lipavsky charges          1977
1          7          Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky: Soviet Jewry Council activities          1977-1987
1          8          Federation of Jewish Agencies: Mission 1000 correspondence and trip itinerary          1989
1          9          Federation of Jewish Agencies: Operation Exodus correspondence, meeting minutes, and notes          1989-1990
1          10          Federation of Jewish Agencies: Passage to Freedom meeting minutes          1989
1          11          International conferences: Brussels II conference program materials          1976
1          12          International conferences: International Lawyers Conference, Moscow photographs          1988
1          13          International conferences: International Lawyers Conference, Moscow program and Joseph Smukler notes          1988
1          14          International conferences: Joseph Smukler notes          1985-1987, undated
1          15          International conferences: World Conference on Soviet Jewry correspondence, program, and press releases          1983
1          16          Life in the Soviet Union: "The Case of Dmitri Berman"          1989
1          17          Life in the Soviet Union: charitable relief photographs          1992
1          18          Life in the Soviet Union: draft of "Nonprofit Social Services in Moscow: Leadership and Administrative Issues" by Felice Davidson Perlmutter          circa 1995
1          19          Life in the Soviet Union: Israel entry visa          1976
1          20          Life in the Soviet Union: Joseph Smukler notes on split among Moscow Refuseniks          undated
1          21          Life in the Soviet Union: Joseph Smukler notes on the town of Belz          undated
1          22          Life in the Soviet Union: letters of appeal and reports by Refuseniks          1976-1989, undated
1          23          Life in the Soviet Union: postal service          1985-1987, undated
1          24          Life in the Soviet Union: "Remuneration by Biscuits"          undated
1          25          Life in the Soviet Union: Soviet emigration regulations and legal system history          1987, undated
1          26          Life in the Soviet Union: summary of facts in Nashbitz and Tzithonik trial          undated
1          27          Life in the Soviet Union: William Brait notes on split among Moscow Refuseniks          1975
1          28          National organizations: Joint Distribution Committee humanitarian relief          1992
1          29          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry Bar/Bat Mitzvah Twinning          1985
1          30          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry correspondence and publicity materials          1974-1976
1          31          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry correspondence and publicity materials          1977-1979
1          32          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry correspondence and publicity materials          1982-1985
1          33          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry correspondence and publicity materials          1986-1987
1          34          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry correspondence and publicity materials          1988-1989
1          35          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry correspondence and publicity materials          1990-1993
1          36          National organizations: National Conference on Soviet Jewry Strategic Assessment Task Force reports and meeting notes          1985-1988
1          37          National organizations: National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council correspondence, press releases, and newspaper clippings          1975-1976
1          38          National organizations: National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council correspondence, press releases, and newspaper clippings          1977-1978
1          39          National organizations: National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council correspondence, press releases, and newspaper clippings          1984-1986
1          40          National organizations: National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council correspondence           1987-1990
2          1          National organizations: Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry newsletters and press releases          1974-1985
2          2          National organizations: Union of Councils for Soviet Jews "Draft Law on Exit from and Entry to the USSR for Citizens of the USSR (with amendments)"          1989
2          3          National organizations: Union of Councils for Soviet Jews correspondence and publicity materials          1974-1979
2          4          National organizations: Union of Councils for Soviet Jews correspondence and publicity materials          1981-1985
2          5          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: biographical information on Smuklers          1981-1990, undated
2          6          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Connie Smukler editorials          1984-1992, undated
2          7          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Connie Smukler speeches          1980-1997, undated
2          8          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: correspondence from Leonid Slepak to Smuklers          1979
2          9          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: correspondence from Masha and Voldoya Slepak to Smuklers          1978-1979
2          10          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: correspondence from Refuseniks to Smuklers          1973-1987, undated
2          11          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: correspondence from Sanya Slepak to Smuklers          1978
2          12          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: correspondence with Anatoly (Natan) Shcharansky          1986, undated
2          13          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: correspondence with Martin Gilbert          1986-1987
2          14          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Joseph Smukler editorials          1975-1994
2          15          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Joseph Smukler speeches          1986, undated
2          16          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Joseph Smukler speeches and meeting notes          1978, undated
2          17          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: legal community's efforts to aid Refuseniks          1975-1988
2          18          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: lists of Refuseniks          1983, 1990, undated
2          19          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: rally and event photographs, slides, and negatives          1971-1987, undated
2          20          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Refusenik reports given to Enid Wurtman of the Israel Public Council for Soviet Jewry          1988
2          21          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Sister Cities and cultural exchange program          1986-1990
2          22          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Slepak Foundation draft of principles          1988
2          23          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: Soviet Emigre Orchestra programs          1979, 1981
2          24          Philadelphia Soviet Jewish activism: U.S. legislative policies          1974-1989
2          25          Soviet Jewry Council: Brussels conference          1976
2          26          Soviet Jewry Council: Committee for 1000 for Soviet Jewry correspondence and reports          1974-1975
2          27          Soviet Jewry Council: Connie Smukler Moscow and Leningrad debriefing report          1981
2          28          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence and newspaper clippings          1971, 1974
2          29          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence and newspaper clippings          1975
2          30          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence          1976
2          31          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence          1977
2          32          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence          1978-1980
2          33          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence, reports, and publicity materials          1981-1984
2          34          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence, reports, and publicity materials          1985-1986
2          35          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence, reports, and publicity materials          1987-1989
2          36          Soviet Jewry Council: correspondence, reports, and publicity materials          1990-1992
2          37          Soviet Jewry Council: Flyers - Soviet hockey game          1976
2          38          Soviet Jewry Council: history          1974
2          39          Soviet Jewry Council "Jewish Women Against Refusal: A Philadelphia Response"          1987
2          40          Soviet Jewry Council: Joseph Smukler speech introducing Victor Polsky          1975
2          41          Soviet Jewry Council: meeting minutes and reports          1975
2          42          Soviet Jewry Council: meeting minutes and reports          1976
2          43          Soviet Jewry Council: meeting minutes and reports          1977
2          44          Soviet Jewry Council: newspaper clippings and press releases          1975
3          1          Soviet Jewry Council: newspaper clippings and press releases          1976
3          2          Soviet Jewry Council: newspaper clippings and press releases          1977
3          3          Soviet Jewry Council: newspaper clippings regarding aid to Refuseniks          1975
3          4          Soviet Jewry Council: newspaper clippings regarding aid to Refuseniks          1976
3          5          Soviet Jewry Council: newspaper clippings regarding aid to Refuseniks          1977
3          6          Soviet Jewry Council: photographs of Refuseniks          1973-1979, undated
3          7          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna correspondence          1991
3          8          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna correspondence          1992
3          9          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna correspondence          1993-1995
3          10          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna expenses and reports          1992-1995
3          11          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna Joseph Smukler meeting notes          circa 1992
3          12          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna newspaper clippings and press releases          1991-1993
3          13          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna photographs          1992, undated
3          14          Soviet Jewry Council: Project Manna recipient correspondence and lists          1991-1992
3          15          Soviet Jewry Council: Soviet Union trip reports          1974-1988, undated
3          16          Soviet Jewry Council: "Travel to the USSR" guidelines          undated
3          17          Soviet Jewry Council: Valery and Galina Panov performances          1974-1975