Joseph Gold Papers
Joseph Gold Papers
1905-1983, bulk 1944-1975
2.75 linear feet (11 boxes)
Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries
Materials in English.
Detailed Collection Information
The Golodnitskys, as Russian Jewish immigrants, moved from Kiev to Philadelphia with their sons Joseph and Harry during the 1920s. Harry, who was born in Switzerland in 1912, received training as a biochemist.
In 1950, Harry Gold pleaded guilty for passing U.S. atomic secrets to Russian agents and charged with violating the Espionage Act of 1917. He was sentenced to 30 years. Gold served more than 16 years at the Federal Penitentiary at Lewisburg, PA. During this time, his applications for parole were declined three times until his release in 1966. While in Lewisburg, Gold developed a blood sugar test for diabetes from which his brother suffered and received a patent on the test.
Within one month of his parole, Harry took a job running a biochemistry laboratory at John F. Kennedy Memorial Hospital. Harry Gold attended Temple University after his release and received a diploma in health sciences.
Harry Gold died at the age of 60 in August 28, 1972 while undergoing an open heart surgery. Joseph Gold died on October 22, 1989.
Description of Collection
This collection documents the arrest, trial, and imprisonment of Joseph Gold’s brother Harry Gold for espionage during the early 1950s, and contains correspondence, legal documents, clippings, photographs and negatives. The bulk of the collection focuses on the trial of Harry Gold, his conviction for selling secrets to the Soviets, and Joseph's efforts to secure his parole. There are some family photographs taken in Russia and some documenting Joseph’s military service in World War II. A portion of the clippings document the diabetes test kit invented by Gold while in prison. Prominent correspondents include Roy M. Cohn, Augustus S. Ballard, Robert F. Kennedy, and Robert Morris. The clippings document the government’s case against Ethel and Julius Rosenberg which followed Gold’s arrest and conviction. Also included is extensive correspondence regarding Gold’s plea for parole.
A record for this collection is available in Temple University’s online library catalog: http://diamond.temple.edu/record=b1603586~S30
Collection is open for research.
Collections Stored Off-Site
This collection may be housed off-site at the Library Depository, and require up to two business days to retrieve. Please review the finding aid and be prepared to identify specific materials to be retrieved. Contact the Special Collections Research Center in advance of your visit, so that materials may be relocated to the reading room for research.
Publication and Copyright Information
The Joseph Gold Papers are the physical property of the Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries. Intellectual property rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for determining the identity of rights holders and obtaining their permission for publication and for other purposes where stated.
[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number],Joseph Gold Papers, SPC.MSS.SP.017, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Joseph Gold's Letter to Jonathan Williams, December 8, 1964. Jargon Society Collection, 1950-2008, PCMS-0019, State University of New York at Buffalo. Poetry Collection, Buffalo, NY.
Donated by Gret Gentile as a gift of the Joseph Gold Estate on March 20, 1990.
Finding aid revised according to contemporary archival standards in April 2016 by Sarah Lerner, student worker, and Katy Rawdon, Coordinator of Technical Services.
The following headings have been used to index the description of this collection in Temple University’s electronic catalog:
Ballard, Augustus S.
Cohn, Roy M.
Morris, Robert, 1905-
Rosenberg, Ethel, 1915-1953
Rosenberg, Julius, 1918-1953
United States. Board of Parole
Diabetes -- Diagnosis
Jews, American -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Trials (Espionage) -- United States
National security -- United States
1 Notebooks, address books, news clippings, correspondence 1944, 1950, undated
2 Lecture notes, chemistry notes; certificates, diplomas, college years photos; Military Service Records 1928-1946, undated
3 1 Clippings 1951-1974, undated
3 2 Clippings on Henry Gold 1951
3 3 Clippings on Abraham Brotham and Miriam Moskowitz 1950
3 4 Clippings on Gold trial 1956
4 "Case and Comment" March-April 1951
4 "The Reader's Digest" (2 issues) May 1951
4 "Argosy" October 1953
4 "U.S. News & World Report" August 19, 1955
4 "Time" December 18, 1950
4 "Time" April 16, 1951
4 "Life" June 12, 1950
4 "Life" March 26, 1951
4 "Look" June 19, 1951
4 "Post" January 20, 1951
5 1 Personal notes 1939-1957, undated
5 2 American Medical Technologists 1951-1972, undated
5 3 Clippings 1953-1959
5 4 Personal: American Medical Technologists 1962, undated
5 5 Correspondence (Harry to Joseph) 1961
5 6 Blood sugar tests, patents 1942-1971, undated
5 7 Notes, drafts, partial letters 1950-1951
6 1 Harry Gold’s Will August 24, 1972
6 2 Harry Gold, post-release financial records 1970-1972, undated
6 3 Photographs of Harry Gold Undated
6 4 Department of Justice to Joseph Gold regarding Celia Gold Undated
6 5 Clippings unrelated to case 1957, undated
6 6 Harry Gold’s obituary 1972
6 7 Clippings 1960-1980, undated
6 8 Clippings Undated
7 1 Notes to Harry Gold from Joseph Gold 1950-1965, undated
7 2 Mr. and Mrs. Green's letters to Joseph Gold 1974-1975
7 3 Visiting regulations for Samuel and Joseph Gold 1950, undated
7 4 Manuscripts, letters and reviews related to Schneirs' book 1965, undated
8 Photographs for Harry Gold, photographs from Joseph Gold’s time in the military 1957-1960, undated
9 1 Parole correspondence 1962-1965, undated
9 2 Attorney correspondence 1960-1962
9 3 Attorney correspondence 1963-1964
9 4 Attorney correspondence 1965
9 5 Attorney correspondence 1966-1968
9 6 Attorney correspondence 1950s
9 7 Correspondence to Joseph Gold after Harry’s death 1972-1973
9 8 Attorney correspondence 1973, 1983
10 Photographs of the Gold family in Europe Undated
11 Negatives Undated