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Leona Fialkowski Papers

Collection ID

SCRC 243

Related Subject(s)

Collecting Area(s)

Description

Collection Summary

Title
Leona Fialkowski Papers

Dates
1968-2006      

Collection ID
SCRC 243

Creator
Fialkowski, Leona, 1922-1996

Quantity
2.5 linear feet (3 boxes and 1 map folder)

Repository
Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries

Language
Materials in English.  

 

Detailed Collection Information

Biographical Note
Leona Fialkowski was a lifelong disability rights pioneer and activist in Philadelphia. She was married to Marion Fialkowski in 1945, and they had eleven children: Barbara, Mary, Anthony, Michael, Walter, James, Eileen, Joan, John, David, Kathryn. Beginning in the 1960s, she worked for equal protections of rights for her sons, Walter and David, and other children similarly born with developmental disabilities. Leona’s early activism focused particularly on the right to education as well as recognition of their civil rights, more generally. In 1968, Leona started the first public school classroom in Philadelphia for children with complex/multiple disabilities including intellectual disabilities. From 1972 to 1989 Leona and husband Marion were involved in a number of landmark education court cases including the PA PARC Consent Decree, the Urban Model of Education, and the restoration of $7.5 million in state funds to education of children with disabilities. As her sons aged, Leona focused on community living, employment, and quality of care. She worked as a parent advocate in the “Office of the Special Master” for the Pennhurst dispersal, and she served on the board of Temple University’s Woodhaven Center, a two-year program to prepare men and women with intellectual disabilities for independent life in group homes or community living arrangements, in place of institutionalization or long term hospitalization.

Description of Collection
The Leona Fialkowski Papers contain documentation of Fialkowski’s experience navigating and fighting for educational opportunities, community living, and employment for her sons and other people with developmental disabilities. The bulk of the collection consists of chronologically arranged files containing a mix of correspondence, related organizations’ newsletters, legal records, news clippings, published articles, and reference material that shed light on the Fialkowski’s experiences as well as that of people with physical and intellectual disabilities.

Of note are records relating to Civil Action 71-42, Public Law  94-142 (also known as IDEA and FAPE) which resulted from class action lawsuits filed against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and School District of Philadelphia, which guaranteed public education to children with intellectual disabilities in Pennsylvania. This includes PARC v Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and Fialkowski v. Shapp. There are a few records relating to the closing of Pennhurst State Hospital and other civil suits. There are also occasional newsletter issues and documentation of the Central Parent Training Coalition and the Task Force for Vocational Skills Training For Persons with Severe Handicaps in the School District of Philadelphia, the Woodhaven Center at Temple University, the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, and other organizations.

Organization and Arrangement
The collection is arranged roughly as it came into the repository. Records are grouped as follows:  chronologically arranged files, subject files, and personal records.

 

Patron Information

Catalog Record
A record for this collection is available in Temple University’s online library catalog: https://librarysearch.temple.edu/catalog/991036840598603811

Research Access
Collection is open for research.

Collections Stored Off-Site
This collection may be housed off-site at the Library Depository, and require up to two business days to retrieve. Please review the finding aid and be prepared to identify specific materials to be retrieved. Contact the Special Collections Research Center in advance of your visit, so that materials may be relocated to the reading room for research.

Publication and Copyright Information
The Leona Fialkowski Papers are the physical property of the Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries. Intellectual property rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for determining the identity of rights holders and obtaining their permission for publication and for other purposes where stated.

Preferred Citation
[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number], Leona Fialkowski Papers, SCRC 243, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Related Material
Dennis E. Haggerty Papers, SCRC 13, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Helen Oakes Papers, SCRC 17, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


Administrative Information

Acquisition Information
Donated by Kathryn Fialkowski in August 2014.     

Processing Information
Collection processed and finding aid prepared in June 2017 by Courtney Smerz, Collection Management Archivist.


Index Terms

The following headings have been used to index the description of this collection in Temple University’s electronic catalog:

People
Gilhool, Thomas K.
Fialkowski, David, 1962-
Fialkowski, Marion, 1912-1994
Fialkowski, Walter, 1953-1986

Corporate Names:
Temple University. Woodhaven Center
School District of Philadelphia, Pa.

Subjects:
People with mental disabilities
Children with disabilities
Individualized education programs
Group homes for people with disabilities
Right to Education

Places:
Philadelphia (Pa.)

Material Types:
Press releases
Correspondence
Clippings
Legal documents
Newsletters

 

Inventory

box        folder   Description    date


1          1          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1962-1977
1          2          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1978-1979
1          3          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1980
1          4          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1981
1          5          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1982
1          6          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1983
1          7          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1984
1          8          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1984
1          9          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1985-1986
1          10          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1987
1          11          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1987
1          12          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1988
1          13          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1988
1          14          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1989
1          15          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1989
1          16          Developmental Disabilities Planning Council, annual retreat          1989
2          1          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1990
2          2          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1990
2          3          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1991
2          4          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1991
2          5          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1992-1994
2          6          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          1997-1998
2          7          Marion and Leona Fialkowski Resource Center Directory          2006
2          8          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          undated
2          9          Correspondence, legal records, newsletters, news clippings, and/or other records          undated
2          10          Anti-institutionalization and the Supreme Court: A Symposium          1983
2          11          Civil Action 71-42 court submissions          1972-1977
2          12          Civil Action 71-42 court submissions          1972-1977
2          13          Civil Action 71-42          undated
2          14          Intermediate Care Facilities for the Mentally Retarded: Survey Procedures          undated
2          15          Office of Mental Retardation and Other Support Services          circa 2000
2          16          Pennhurst State School and Hospital Case          1981, 1984, undated
2          17          Philadelphia Right to Education Settlement Agreement, Severely Handicapped Students, implementation documents          1992
2          18          Report on the Institutionalized Mentally Disabled to Senate Committees          1985
2          19          Testimonies in support of HR 123          1986
2          20          Testimonies in support of HR 123          1986
3          1          Testimonies in support of HR 124          1986
3          2          Testimonies and other records regarding HR 123 and other information on services for the mentally handicapped, especially on independent living          1986
3          3          Testimonies and other papers regarding services needed for mentally handicapped adults          1985
3          4          "N. Haring," unidentified. Appears to be direct examination from trial or court hearing          undated
3          5          "Welcome to the Leona Fialkowski Archives," biographical sketch and other memorials          undated
3          6          Leona Fialkowski's appointment to the Board of Trustees of Woodhaven Center          1981
3          7          Brighter Future Awards, program          1999, 2002
3          8          PILCOP Oral History Program, transcript          1984
3          9          Resolution of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives on the death of Leona Fialkowski          1996
3          10          Citizenship Award, Philadelphia Bar Association          1986
3                    Citizenship Award, Philadelphia Bar Association, plaque to Leona Fialkowski          1986
3                    Citizenship Award, Philadelphia Bar Association, plaque to Marion Fialkowski          1986