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Philadelphia Society for Services to Children Records

Collection ID

Acc. 150

Related Subject(s)

Collecting Area(s)

Description

Collection Summary

Title
Philadelphia Society for Services to Children Records

Dates
1877-2016, bulk 1877-1970   

Collection ID
Acc. 150

Creator
Philadelphia Society for Services to Children 

Quantity
58.5 cubic feet (58 boxes)

Repository
Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries

Language
Materials in English

           

Detailed Collection Information

Historical Note

The Pennsylvania Society to Protect Children from Cruelty was organized in November 1876 and chartered in January 1877 as the eighth such group in the United States. The first objective of the new society was to secure passage of a state law allowing for active prosecution in cases of child abuse. This was achieved after more than a year of work. The Society then had two alternatives in proven cases of child abuse: either disciplining the parents and returning their child to them or placing the child in a foster home. Various homes in the city were used for the temporary placement of children pending a decision on their cases. Gradually, the Society's agents conducted more detailed investigations of the cases, and it is the results of these investigations, the case records, that form the bulk of the collection.

Beginning in 1882, the Society worked with the Children's Aid Society (whose records are located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania) in the Child Placement Service. It also tried to educate the public and pushed for a variety of early child labor laws. In 1890, the Society moved to new temporary quarters at 217 South Broad Street where it was able to provide its own temporary quarters for children. By 1906, the Society had moved to 415 South Fifteenth Street. These temporary facilities became essential in 1913 when the Juvenile Court was established. Children waited at the Society until their cases were presented in court and sometimes returned there if the Society was awarded custody of the child.

In 1911, the Society's offices expanded and combined with those of the Children's Aid Society and the Seybert Institution which then helped operate the shelter. In the 1920s, the Children's Aid Society gradually stopped placing the Society's children, and in turn established its own placement service. A branch office opened in Pottsville, Pennsylvania in 1922 but closed in 1940 due to a lack of funds. From 1923 until 1942, the Society operated a cottage at Cape May Point, New Jersey which had been donated by John Wanamaker to give children summer vacations. In 1964 a new foster home program began for children under four, and the baby nurseries in the shelter were closed. The Society was supported entirely by voluntary contributions until 1958 when the City of Philadelphia began to appropriate funds for the care of children. The city's Department of Public Welfare gradually began to take over more of the Society's protective services. During the 1960s, the Society worked with various agencies to investigate the causes and prevention of child neglect and was active in the region's child welfare programs. The Society changed its name to the Philadelphia Society to Protect Children in 1964. Services to Parents and Children began in 1968 as the Society added group services to its existing casework program in order to focus attention on neglectful communities and on neglectful parents. In 1980, the Philadelphia Society to Protect Children merged with the Inter-Church Child Care Society (whose records are located in the SCRC) to form the Philadelphia Society for Services to Children. In June 2008, the Society merged with the Children's Aid Society of Pennsylvania to form Turning Points for Children, a service organization for youth and families in Philadelphia.

Description of Collection

The Philadelphia Society for Services to Children Records document the activities of an upper middle class voluntary organization. The collection graphically describes the work of an agency that sought to reform working-class family life. It consists of five cubic feet of administrative records, including annual reports, minutes, and statistical information.

The bulk of the collection, however, is the case files. Beginning in 1878, the Society adopted a standard form for its child abuse records which lists the complainants and defendants, along with their addresses; the "sufferers" (childrens') name, age, and placement; and the witnesses. Each case includes a narrative, as well as the child's final placement. The form was used consistently through 1904.

The modern files (child abuse/protection and child placement files) provide the names, addresses, family members, and related information of the abused children. The narratives, however, are quite extensive and follow the families for many years, usually until the children reach adulthood.

This collection includes preserved versions of the organization’s website, available through Archive-It.

Organization and Arrangement

The collection is arranged into 5 series as follows:

Series 1: Administrative Records (1876-1970)
Series 2: Child Abuse Records (1877-1904)
Series 3: Child Abuse/Child Protection Records (1927-1969)
Series 4: Child Placement Records (1927-1969)
Series 5: Turning Points for Children website versions in Archive-It, 2016

Series 1, Administrative records, includes annual reports (1877-1938), board minutes (1876-1947), executive committee minutes (1890-1911), Schuylkill County Branch records (1925), monthly reports (1959-1970), court dispositions (1958-1969), and shelter lists (1959-1969).

Series 2, Child abuse records (37 volumes, 1877-1904), provides the names and addresses of complainants and defendants; the child's name, age, and where the child was ultimately placed; the names of witnesses; and subsequent correspondence relating to the case.

Series 3, Child abuse/child protection records (1927-1969), includes the parent's names, occupations, and income; the children's names, religion, race, and nationality; others individuals in the household; the address of the household; the names and addresses of children and relatives living elsewhere; the sources of information on case with addresses and relationships to case; the complainants invlolved with addresses and relationships to family; and a summary of the Society's contact with the family.

Series 4, Child placement records (1927-1969), includes the names of the parents, children, relatives, former spouses, and references of those who knew the family; and the correspondence of the Society's subsequent contact with family.

Series 5, Turning Points for Children website versions in Archive-It (2016), contains preserved versions of Turning Points for Children’s website. To access these sites, see the Temple University Special Collections Urban Archives Archive-It web page: https://www.archive-it.org/collections/4487.

Patron Information

Catalog Record

A record for this collection is available in Temple University’s online library catalog: http://diamond.temple.edu/record=b1663200~S30

Research Access

Case files can only be seen with written permission of the Executive Director of the Philadelphia Society for Services to Children. Case anonymity must be respected.

Collections Stored Off-Site

This collection may be housed off-site at the Library Depository, and require up to two business days to retrieve. Please review the finding aid and be prepared to identify specific materials to be retrieved. Contact the Special Collections Research Center in advance of your visit, so that materials may be relocated to the reading room for research.

Accruals

 

Additions to this collection are expected. Websites are captured using Archive-It periodically, and the latest additions may not yet be included in this finding aid. For information on material–physical and digital, including captured websites–that may have been added since the last finding aid update, please contact the Special Collections Research Center.

Publication and Copyright Information

The Philadelphia Society for Services to Children Records are the physical property of the Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries. Temple University holds literary rights only for material created by university employees and to material given to the university with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for determining the identity of rights holders and obtaining their permission for publication and for other purposes where stated.

Preferred Citation

[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number], Philadelphia Society for Services to Children Records, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Related Material

Inter-Church Child Care Society Records are located in the Special Collections Research Center, Temple University.

Children's Aid Society of Philadelphia Records are located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

Deposited by the Philadelphia Society to Protect Children through Kavanzo M. Hyde, Executive Director, 9 July 1973.  

Processing Information

Finding aid revised according to contemporary archival standards in February 2014 by Katy Rawdon, Coordinator of Technical Services. Finding aid updated with captured website information in July 2016.            

           

Index Terms

The following headings have been used to index the description of this collection in Temple University’s electronic catalog:

Corporate Names:
Philadelphia (Pa.). Dept. of Public Welfare.
Catholic Home for Girls (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Children's Aid Society (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Philadelphia Society for the Employment and Instruction of the Poor.
Pennsylvania Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Children (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Philadelphia General Hospital.
Philadelphia Society for Services to Children (Pa.)
St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Seybert Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Turning Points for Children (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Subjects:
Abused children--Services for--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.
Child welfare--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.
Child labor—Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.
Foster home care--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.
Social service--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia.

Places:
Philadelphia (Pa.).

Material Types:
Case files
Correspondence
Minutes
Reports
Web sites

Inventory

Series 1: Administrative Records

Box 1

Annual Reports 1877-1938

Box 2

Board Minutes

 1876-1899

 1899-1901

 1901-1912

 1912-1917

 1913-1922

Box 3

1922-1932

 1932-1939

 1934

 1940

 1941

 1942

 1943

 1944

 1945

 1946

 1947

 Executive Committee Minutes 1890-1911

 Schuylkill County Minutes 1925-1935

 Charter and Bylaws 1877 1898

Box 4

Statistical Report 1964

 Statistical Report Monthly

 January-June 1964

 July-December 1964

 January-June 1965

 July-December 1965

 Entrance Report

 January-July 1965

 August-December 1965

 Statistical Report Monthly

 January-June 1965

 July-December 1965

 January-June 1967

 July-December 1967

 January-June 1968

 July-December 1968

 January-June 1969

 July-December 1969

 January-April 1970

 Department of Public Welfare Discharge Forms 1970

Box 5

Monthly Reports

 Court Dispositions

 Shelter Lists

Series 2: Child Abuse Records

Volume 1

 January 1877-June 1878 cases 1-473

Volume 2

 June 1878-June 1879 cases 474-965

Volume 3

June 1879-April 1880 cases 966-1523

Volume 4

April 1880-December 1880 cases 1524-2183

Volume 5

 December 1880-September 1881 cases 2184-2841

Volume 6

 September 1881-June 1882 cases 2842-3501

Volume 7

 June 1882-February 1883 cases 3502-4159

Volume 8

 February 1883-November 1883 cases 4160-4819

Volume 9

 December 1883-September 1884 cases 4820-5479

Volume 10

 September 1884-July 1885 cases 5480-6139

Volume 11

 July 1885-April 1886 cases 6140-6799

Volume 12

 April 1886-January 1887, cases 6800-7459

Volume 13

 January 1887-October 1887, cases 7460-8119

Volume 14

 October 1887-August 1888, cases 8120-8779

Volume 15

 August 1888-June 1889, cases 8780-9435

Volume 16

 June 1889-May 1890, cases 9436-10095

Volume 17

 May 1890-February 1891, cases 10046-10755

Volume 18

 February 1891-October 1891, cases 10756-11416

Volume 19

 October 1891-July 1892, cases 11417-12072

Volume 20

 July 1892-May 1893, cases 12073-12722

Volume 21

 May 1893-January 1894, cases 12723-13372

Volume 22

 January 1894-September 1894, cases 13373-14022

Volume 23

 September 1894-July 1895, cases 14023-14672

Volume 24

 July 1895-April 1896, cases 14673-15322

Volume 25

 April 1896-January 1897, cases 15323-15972

Volume 26

 January 1897-November 1897, cases 15973-16622

Volume 27

November 1897-July 1898, cases 16623-17272

Volume 28

 August 1898-May 1899, cases 17273-17923

Volume 29

 May 1899-January 1900, cases 17924-18572

Volume 30

January 1900-September 1900, cases 18573-19222

Volume 31

 September 1900-May 1901, cases 19223-19872

Volume 32

 May 1901-December 1901, cases 19873-20522

Volume 33

 December 1901-July 1902, cases 20523-21172

Volume 34

July 1902-April 1903, cases 21173-21822

Volume 35

 April 1903-October 1903, cases 21823-22472

Volume 36

October 1903-June 1904, cases 22473-23122

Volume 37

 1902-1903, Child placement, cases 1-498

Series 3: Child Abuse/Child Protection Case Records

Box 6

Foster Homes, 1946-1959

 Child protection case files, cases 81524-81620, 1957

Box 7

Child abuse case files, cases 77600-77799, 1950

Box 8

Child abuse case files, cases 77800-77997, 1950

Box 9

Child abuse case files, cases 77998-78213, 1950

Box 10

Child abuse case files, cases 78214-78407, 1950

Box 11

Child protection case files, cases 78408-78587, 1951

Series 3: Child Abuse/Child Protection Case Records

Box 12

Child protection case files, cases 78589-78789, 1951

Box 13

Child protection case files, cases 78790-78979, 1951

Box 14

Child protection case files, cases 78983-79174, 1952

Box 15

Child protection case files, cases 79175-79355, 1952

Box 16

Child protection case files, cases 79548-79731, 1952- 1953

Box 17

Child protection case files, cases 79732-79917, 1953

Box 18

 Child protection case files, cases 79918-80093, 1953

Box 19

Child protection case files, cases 80095-80265, 1953- 1954

Box 20

Child protection case files, cases 80266-80458, 1954

Box 21

Child protection case files, cases 80460-80693, 1954- 1955

Box 22

Child protection case files, cases 80640-80813, 1955

Box 23

Child protection case files, cases 80814-80988, 1955- 1956

Box 24

Child protection case files, cases 81989-81165, 1956

Box 25

 Child protection case files, cases 81166-81344, 1956- 1957

Box 26

Child protection case files, cases 81345-81523, 1956- 1957

Box 27

Child protection case files, cases 81621-81805, 1957

Box 28

Child protection case files, cases 81806-81996, 1958- 1959

Box 29

Child protection case files, cases 81997-82139, 1958

Box 30

Child protection case files, cases 82140-82319, 1958- 1958

Box 31

Child protection case files, cases 82320-82497, 1959

Box 32

Child protection case files, cases 82498-82673, 1959- 1960

Box 33

Child protection case files, cases 82674-82839, 1960- 1961

Box 34

 Child protection case files, cases 82840-83031, 1958- 1960

Box 35

 Child protection case files, cases 83032-83190, 1959- 1961

Box 36

Child protection case files, cases 83191-83253; 83278-83382, 1961-1964

Box 37

Child protection case files, cases 83400-83578, 1962

Box 38

Child protection case files, cases 83579-83749, 1963

Box 39

Child protection case files, cases 83750-83912, 1963- 1965

Box 40

Child protection case files, cases 83913-84058, 1964

Box 41

Child protection case files, cases 84059-84240, 1964

Box 42

Child protection case files, cases 84241-84423, 1965

Box 43

 Child protection case files, cases 84424-84599, 1965- 1966

Box 44

 Child protection case files, cases 84600-84755, 1966

Box 45

Child protection case files, cases 84756-84924, 1966- 1967

Series 4: Child Placement Case Records

Box 46

Child placement case files, cases 1000-1063, 1927-1929

Box 47

Child placement case files, cases 1064-1113, 1929-1933

Box 48

Child placement case files, cases 1114-1159, 1929-1936

Box 49

Child placement case files, cases 1160-1199, 1929-1936

Box 50

Child placement case files, cases 1200-1230, 1930-1931

Box 51

Child placement case files, cases 1231-1268, 1938-1942

Box 52

Child placement case files, cases 1269-1318, 1941-1942

Box 53

Child placement case files, cases 1319-1359, 1942-1925

Box 54

Child placement case files, cases 1360-1403, 1938-1947

Box 55

 Child placement case files, cases 1404-1455, 1946 -1955

Box 56

 Child placement case files, cases 1456-1499, 1949-1952

Box 57

Child placement case files, cases 1500-1521, 1939

Box 58

Child placement case files, cases 1522-1525, 1957-1957

Foster homes, 1955-1969

Series 5: Turning Points for Children website versions in Archive-It, 2016

Contains preserved versions of Turning Points for Children’s website. To access these sites, see the Temple University Special Collections Urban Archives Archive-It web page: https://www.archive-it.org/collections/4487.