Spencer Coxe Papers
Spencer Coxe Papers
1 linear foot (1 boxes)
Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries
Materials in English.
Detailed Collection Information
Spencer Coxe was Executive Director of the Greater Philadelphia Branch of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) from 1952-1979 and continued to serve the ACLU as a member of the board, starting in 1983. Born in Philadelphia, Coxe attended the Westtown School and graduated from Yale University in 1940. He received a master's degree in history from Harvard University in 1941. He taught at what is now Richard Stockton College of New Jersey from 1975 to 1977, and at Temple University from 1977 to 1979. He was a full-time faculty member from 1979 to 1982 at Antioch University Philadelphia, and part-time at Antioch from 1982 to 1988 and Drexel University in 1988-89. He died in 2011.
Description of Collection
This collection documents Spencer Coxe in his capacity both as a board member of the ACLU and earlier, as executive director of this agency. Subjects addressed include police review boards in their 1980s-1990s incarnations; ordinances advanced in Philadelphia in the 1970s to mandate detailed procedures for police to follow on receipt of complaints, etc. and in the 1990s to set up a new police review board; and the question of "defective delinquents," or individuals who were incarcerated for indeterminate lengths without having been convicted of a crime. One small folder includes a sampling of writings by Spencer Coxe himself. These range from 1965 to the 1990s. The successful effort to repeal Pennsylvania’s "Defective Delinquent Act" in 1968 led to the release of 800 men from maximum security prison is documented here with photocopies of: correspondence, clippings, memos, forms and publications.
Organization and Arrangement
The collection is arranged into 3 series as follows:
Series 1. Administration, 1965-1995
Series 2. Photocopies, 1966-1968
Series 3. Photographs, 1946
Series 1: Administration. Materials include correspondence, memos, articles, drafts, minutes and agenda. Beyond general administration (minutes and agenda) relating to the Coalition for Police Accountability, there are materials on programs, policies or issues dealt with by the ACLU or its cohorts. These include use of force by police, drugs, police advisory or review boards, and ordinances. Also included are documents supporting the above programs, issues, etc., i.e. reports, ordinances, publications and statements. One folder in this series bears copies of documents produced by Spencer Coxe.
Series 2: Photocopies. Materials include photocopies of correspondence, memos and newspaper clippings, dating primarily from 1966-1968, documenting the successful ACLU push to free 800 "defective delinquents," many of whom had been incarcerated without having been convicted of any crime, all for indeterminate periods, some for over ten years. Some photocopies appear to have originated at the ACLU Archives at Princeton University.
Series 3: Photographs. The one photograph, apparently taken in China in 1946, has been removed to the Miscellaneous Photo Collection (PC-49), folder 7-3.
Collection is open for research.
Collections Stored Off-Site
This collection may be housed off-site at the Library Depository, and require up to two business days to retrieve. Please review the finding aid and be prepared to identify specific materials to be retrieved. Contact the Special Collections Research Center in advance of your visit, so that materials may be relocated to the reading room for research.
Publication and Copyright Information
The Spencer Coxe Papers are the physical property of the Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries. Intellectual property rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for determining the identity of rights holders and obtaining their permission for publication and for other purposes where stated.
[Description and date of item], [Box/folder number], Spencer Coxe Papers, Accession 908, Special Collections Research Center, Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Donated by Spencer Coxe, March 12, 1999.
One photograph has been removed to the Miscellaneous Photo Collection (PC-49), folder 7-3.
Finding aid revised according to contemporary archival standards in June 2015.
The following headings have been used to index the description of this collection in Temple University’s electronic catalog:
American Civil Liberties Union. Greater Philadelphia Branch (Pa.)
Philadelphia (Pa.). Police Department
Police -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia
Series 1: Administrative, 1965-1995
1 1 Minutes, agenda, etc. 1992-1985, 1995
1 2 Programs 1986
1 3-4 Programs- Police Review Board 1992
1 5 Programs- Affirmative Action undated
1 6 Programs- Ordinances 1980-1977
1 7 Ordinances (1) 1994-1992, 1986
1 8 Ordinances (2) 1993, 1992
1 9 Ordinances (3) April-January 1993
1 10 Ordinances (4) 1992, 1986
1 11 Programs 1992, 1986, 1982
1 12 Programs- Drugs and Police (1) undated
1 13 Drugs and Police (2) 1992-1988
1 14 Drugs and Police (3) 1993-1988
1 15 Programs- Use of force 1988, 1989
1 16 Programs- Inspector General 1990-1984
1 17 Programs 1982
1 18 Programs- Internal Complaint Process 1987-1980
1 19 Documents- Coxe 1965-1990s
1 20 Documents undated
1 21 Documents- Review Board Surveys- Phila. 1986
1 22 Documents- Review Board Surveys Non-Phladelphia (1) 1986, 1990-1992
1 23 Documents- Review Board Surveys Non- Philadelphia (2) 1993
1 24 Documents 1987
Series 2: Photocopies, 1966-1968
1 25 Photocopies (1) April-October 1966
1 26 Photocopies (2) October 1966-August 1968
1 27 Photocopies (3) 1966
1 28 Photocopies (4) 1966, 1967
Series 3: Photographs, 1946
1 29 China 1946